Science and Exploration

Preparing ?O?CK – MRM2 – For Launch

By Keith Cowing
May 24, 2013
Filed under

Testing continues on Russia’s Mini Research Module 1 (MRM-1 or the Docking Cargo Module) which is scheduled for launch othe International Space Station on STS-132 in May 2010. MRM-1 will be docked to the nadir port of Zarya (FGB). Mini Research Module 2 (MRM-2 or ?O?CK) will be launched to the ISS by a Soyuz-U rocket on 10 November 2009. MRM-2 will be docked to the zenith docking port on Zvezda (Service Module) and will be used as an airlock for EVAs. More photos below.

Testing continues on Russia’s Mini Research Module 1 (MRM-1 or the Docking Cargo Module) which is scheduled for launch othe International Space Station on STS-132 in May 2010. MRM-1 will be docked to the nadir port of Zarya (FGB). Mini Research Module 2 (MRM-2 or ?O?CK) will be launched to the ISS by a Soyuz-U rocket on 10 November 2009. MRM-2 will be docked to the zenith docking port on Zvezda (Service Module) and will be used as an airlock for EVAs. More photos below.

November 8, 2009. Baikonur Cosmodrome,
branch of RSC Energia after S.P. Korolev

Soyuz-U launch vehicle was rolled out from the integration building to the launch pad. Soyuz-U launch vehicle with Progress M-MRM2 transport vehicle is installed on the launch pad. L-2 days activities have been started.

Click on image to enlarge

November 6, 2009. Baikonur Cosmodrome,
branch of RSC Energia after S.P. Korolev

At Baikonur launch site the preparations continue for the launch of special-purpose cargo space vehicle-module Progress M-MRM2, which is to deliver new Russian Poisk Module to the International Space Station. Orbital module of the Soyuz-U launch vehicle, containing Progress M-MRM2 spacecraft was integrated with the Soyuz-U launch vehicle in the processing facility.

Click on image to enlarge

November 5, 2009. Baikonur Cosmodrome, branch of RSC Energia after S.P. Korolev

At Baikonur launch site the preparations continue for the launch of special-purpose cargo space vehicle-module Progress M-MRM2, which is to deliver new Russian Poisk Module to the International Space Station. Orbital module of the Soyuz-U launch vehicle, containing Progress M-MRM2 spacecraft was transported from the spacecraft processing facility for the general integration with LV.

Click on image to enlarge

November 3, 2009. Baikonur Cosmodrome, branch of RSC Energia after S.P. Korolev

At Baikonur launch site the preparations continue for the launch of special-purpose cargo space vehicle-module Progress M-MRM2, which is to deliver new Russian Poisk Module to the International Space Station. Designers inspection of the Progress M-MRM2 special-purpose cargo space vehicle-module was completed.

Click on image to enlarge

Payload shroud roll on to the special-purpose cargo space vehicle-module was performed.

November 1, 2009. Baikonur Cosmodrome, branch of RSC Energia after S.P. Korolev Baikonur branch of S.P. Korolev Rocket-Space Corporation

Energia proceeds with the activities for prelaunch processing of special-purpose cargo space vehicle-module Progress M-MRM2, which is to deliver new Russian Poisk Module to the International Space Station. Progress M-MRM2 special-purpose cargo space vehicle-module was docked with the transfer compartment in the Spacecraft Assembly and Testing Facility.

Click on image to enlarge

October 29, 2009. S.P.Korolev RSC Energia, Korolev, Moscow region

Baikonur branch of S.P. Korolev Rocket-Space Corporation Energia proceeds with the activities for prelaunch processing of special-purpose cargo space vehicle-module Progress M-MRM2, which is to deliver new Russian Poisk (?O?CK) Module to the International Space Station.

Progress M-MRM2 special-purpose cargo space vehicle-module fuelled with propellant components and compressed gases was delivered to the Spacecraft Assembly and Testing Facility for final processing operations.

Click on image to enlarge

October 14, 2009. S.P.Korolev RSC Energia, Korolev, Moscow region

Baikonur branch of S.P. Korolev Rocket-Space Corporation Energia proceeds with the activities for prelaunch processing of special-purpose cargo space vehicle – module Progress M-MRM2, which is to deliver new Russian MRM2 Module to the International Space Station (ISS).

In the course of these activities the Corporation specialists conducted the scheduled training sessions for the team of Russian cosmonauts, who are undergoing training for the forthcoming flights to the ISS.

In the room for the space vehicle – module assembly cosmonauts Oleg Kotov, Anatoly Ivanishin, Oleg Novitskiy, Alexey Ovchinin, Maxim Ponomarev and Segey Ryzhikov who had specially arrived at Cosmodrome Baikonur, familiarized themselves with the design, design features, operational capability of the space vehicle – module and Mini Research Module 2 (MRM2) to be delivered by this space vehicle.

For reference: RSC Energia is the leading organization engaged in the development and operational use of the ISS Russian Segment, its Modules (Zvezda, Pirs, etc.), as well as Soyuz TMA and Progress space vehicles. Cargo space vehicle Progress M-MRM2 is scheduled to be launched in November 2009. Deliverable Module will extend operational capabilities of the ISS Russian Segment: another port for Soyuz TMA and Progress M space vehicles will come into being; the Module can be used as airlock for cosmonauts egress into outer space and the required extravehicular activities, as well as for accommodation of cargoes and scientific apparatus.

Click on image to enlarge

October 8, 2009. S.P.Korolev RSC Energia, Korolev, Moscow region

At the S.P. Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation Energia’s Checkout Facility, electrical tests continue on the flight unit of the Mini Research Module MRM1, which is to operate as a part of the Russian Segment of the International Space Station (ISS).

At present, stand-alone tests of the on-board systems and joint tests of MRM1 and Soyuz TMA have been completed, conductive and radiated noise measurements have been taken, the module thermal control system has been filled and its hydraulic tests have been conducted.

Installed on the flight unit of the module during the two previous days were the flight units of deliverable hardware – airlock and radiative heat exchanger, with which will be outfitted another new Russian module – the Multi-purpose laboratory Module. Measurements have been taken of critical points on MRM1 with the airlock and the radiative heat exchanger installed on it. The Corporation’s testing facilities have completed the program of vibration strength tests on the full-scale dynamic mockup of MRM1. At present, this mockup is used for fit-checks of the transportation container intended for the delivery of the flight unit of MRM1 to USA and its subsequent leak tests. In the course of work on the flight unit of MRM1, it was used for conducting familiarization sessions for the ISS crews that are to work with this module in orbit.

For information:

MRM1 is to be launched into orbit and put into operation as a part of ISS in 2010 using US Space Shuttle.

The Multipurpose Laboratory Module that follows MRM1 is to be added to the space station in 2012.

Click on image to enlarge

October 8, 2009. S.P.Korolev RSC Energia, Korolev, Moscow region

Preparations continue for the launch in November 2009 of the specialized cargo spacecraft/module Progress M-MRM2 with the Mini Research Module MRM2. The specialized cargo spacecraft Progress M-MRM2, which includes the Mini Research Module MRM2, is now undergoing leak tests. In the vacuum chamber of the processing facility of Area 254, the hull and the on-board pneumatic and hydraulic systems of this module are being checked for leakages.

Click on image to enlarge

October 7, 2009. S.P.Korolev RSC Energia, Korolev, Moscow region

Preparations continue for the launch in November 2009 of the specialized cargo spacecraft/module Progress M-MRM2 with the Mini Research Module MRM2. Today, the spacecraft/module docking assembly was processed and checked for leakage.

September 3, 2009. S.P.Korolev RSC Energia, Korolev, Moscow region

S.P. Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation Energia continues running tests on the Mini Research Module MRM1, which is to be delivered to the International Space Station (ISS) on-board Space Shuttle the next year. At present, the next phase of vibration strength tests on the module using its full-scale dynamic mockup has been set up and started. Structural tests have been completed on a full-scale mockup of the radiator/heat exchanger intended for design development tests. This radiator will be delivered to ISS as a part of the equipment that is to be delivered on the outside equipment bracket of MRM1 and subsequently moved to the multipurpose laboratory module, which is to be launched and added to the ISS Russian Segment in 2012.

Click on image to enlarge

September 2, 2009. S.P.Korolev RSC Energia, Korolev Moscow region

S.P.Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation Energia has completed the vacuum-chamber tests of the specialized cargo spacecraft/module Progress M-MRM2. At present, the work to prepare it for shipment to the Baikonur launch site is under way.

The launch of the cargo spacecraft, which has as its main task the delivery of the Mini Research Module MRM2 to the International Space Station (ISS), is scheduled for November of this year. The specialized cargo spacecraft and MRM2 were developed at RSC Energia.

MRM2 is the new Russian module intended for use within the ISS Russian Segment. The module will make it possible to increase the number of ports on this segment of the station, as well as enable further development of the Russian program of space experiments and research carried out on-board ISS.

August 31, 2009. S.P.Korolev RSC Energia, Korolev, Moscow region

S.P.Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation Energia has prepared and started vibration strength tests on the full-scale dynamic model of the Mini Research Module (MRM1) slated for inclusion into the Russian Segment of the International Space Station in 2010.

Tests on the flight model of MRM are continuing as scheduled at the checkout and testing facility of the Corporation.

Click on image to enlarge

August 28, 2009. S.P.Korolev RSC Energia, Korolev, Moscow region

S.P. Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation Energia has completed vacuum chamber checks for leaks in the hull and pneumatic and hydraulic systems of the flight model of the Mini Research Module MRM1. The module has been handed over to the checkout and testing facility for integrated tests, including tests that use the integrated testing facility for Zvezda Service Module of the International Space Station (ISS). Stand-alone tests of MRM1 have begun.

Also completed are test activations of the flight model of the airlock and the flight model of the radiator which are to be delivered to ISS together with MRM1 to be subsequently used for outfitting the multi-purpose laboratory module.

Preparations continue for vibration strength tests on the MRM1 dynamic model that are required for proving the vibration strength of the flight model.

A specialized cargo spacecraft Progress M-MRM2, which includes the Mini Research Module MRM2, is now undergoing leak tests in the RSC Energia vacuum chamber. It is scheduled for shipment to Baikonur in the first decade of September.

For reference:

MRM1 and MRM2 modules are new modules for the ISS Russian Segment that are being developed by RSC Energia. The launch of MRM2 to ISS is scheduled for the end of November, 2009, from the Baikonur launch site. MRM1 is scheduled for launch in May, 2010, on Space Shuttle from Kennedy Space Center, USA.

Click on image to enlarge

SpaceRef co-founder, Explorers Club Fellow, ex-NASA, Away Teams, Journalist, Space & Astrobiology, Lapsed climber.