Status Report

WEIRD: Wide-orbit Exoplanet search with InfraRed Direct imaging

By SpaceRef Editor
July 26, 2018
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Frédérique Baron, Étienne Artigau, Julien Rameau, David Lafrenière, Jonathan Gagné, Lison Malo, Loïc Albert, Marie-Eve Naud, René Doyon, Markus Janson, Philippe Delorme, Charles Beichman
(Submitted on 23 Jul 2018)

We report results from the Wide-orbit Exoplanet search with InfraRed Direct imaging (WEIRD), a survey designed to search for Jupiter-like companions on very wide orbits (1000 to 5000 AU) around young stars ($<$120 Myr) that are known members of moving groups in the solar neighborhood ($<$70 pc). Sharing the same age, distance, and metallicity as their host while being on large enough orbits to be studied as "isolated" objects make such companions prime targets for spectroscopic observations and valuable benchmark objects for exoplanet atmosphere models. The search strategy is based on deep imaging in multiple bands across the near-infrared domain. For all 177 objects of our sample, $z_{ab}^\prime$, $J$, [3.6] and [4.5] images were obtained with CFHT/MegaCam, GEMINI/GMOS, CFHT/WIRCam, GEMINI/Flamingos-2, and $Spitzer$/IRAC. Using this set of 4 images per target, we searched for sources with red $z_{ab}^\prime$ and $[3.6]-[4.5]$ colors, typically reaching good completeness down to 2Mjup companions, while going down to 1Mjup for some targets, at separations of $1000-5000$ AU. The search yielded 4 candidate companions with the expected colors, but they were all rejected through follow-up proper motion observations. Our results constrain the occurrence of 1-13 Mjup planetary-mass companions on orbits with a semi-major axis between 1000 and 5000 AU at less than 0.03, with a 95\% confidence level. Comments:    55 pages, 16 figures, accepted to AJ
Subjects:    Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP); Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (astro-ph.SR)
Cite as:    arXiv:1807.08799 [astro-ph.EP] (or arXiv:1807.08799v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)
Submission history
From: Frédérique Baron 
[v1] Mon, 23 Jul 2018 19:33:46 GMT (7468kb,D)

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