Status Report

The population of long-period transiting exoplanets

By SpaceRef Editor
July 30, 2016
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Daniel Foreman-Mackey, Timothy D. Morton, David W. Hogg, Eric Agol, Bernhard Schölkopf
(Submitted on 27 Jul 2016)

The Kepler Mission has discovered thousands of exoplanets and revolutionized our understanding of their population. This large, homogeneous catalog of discoveries has enabled rigorous studies of the occurrence rate of exoplanets and planetary systems as a function of their physical properties. However, transit surveys like Kepler are most sensitive to planets with orbital periods much shorter than the orbital periods of Jupiter and Saturn, the most massive planets in our Solar System. To address this deficiency, we perform a fully automated search for long-period exoplanets with only one or two transits in the archival Kepler light curves. When applied to the ∼40,000 brightest Sun-like target stars, this search produces 16 long-period exoplanet candidates. Of these candidates, 6 are novel discoveries and 5 are in systems with inner short-period transiting planets. Since our method involves no human intervention, we empirically characterize the detection efficiency of our search. Based on these results, we measure the average occurrence rate of exoplanets smaller than Jupiter with orbital periods in the range 2-25 years to be 2.0±0.7 planets per Sun-like star.

Comments: Submitted to ApJ
Subjects: Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP); Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (astro-ph.IM)
Cite as: arXiv:1607.08237 [astro-ph.EP] (or arXiv:1607.08237v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)
Submission history
From: Daniel Foreman-Mackey
[v1] Wed, 27 Jul 2016 20:00:00 GMT (3151kb,D)

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