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- Sep 30, 2022
The Long-Term Dynamical Evolution of Planetary Systems
This chapter concerns the long-term dynamical evolution of planetary systems from both theoretical and observational perspectives. We begin by discussing the planet-planet interactions that take place within our own Solar System. We then describe such interactions in more tightly-packed planetary systems. As planet-planet interactions build up, some systems become dynamically unstable, leading to strong encounters and ultimately either ejections or collisions of planets.
After discussing the basic physical processes involved, we consider how these interactions apply to extrasolar planetary systems and explore the constraints provided by observed systems. The presence of a residual planetesimal disc can lead to planetary migration and hence cause instabilities induced by resonance crossing; however, such discs can also stabilise planetary systems. The crowded birth environment of a planetary system can have a significant impact: close encounters and binary companions can act to destabilise systems, or sculpt their properties. In the case of binaries, the Kozai mechanism can place planets on extremely eccentric orbits which may later circularise to produce hot Jupiters.
Melvyn B. Davies, Fred C. Adams, Philip Armitage, John Chambers, Eric Ford, Alessandro Morbidelli, Sean N. Raymond, Dimitri Veras (Submitted on 26 Nov 2013)
Comments: 23 pages, 10 figures. Refereed review chapter, accepted for publication in Protostars & Planets VI, University of Arizona Press (2014), eds. H.Beuther, C.Dullemond, Th.Henning, R. Klessen
Subjects: Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP); Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (astro-ph.SR)
Cite as: arXiv:1311.6816 [astro-ph.EP]
(or arXiv:1311.6816v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)
Submission history From: Melvyn Davies [view email] [v1] Tue, 26 Nov 2013 21:00:06 GMT (932kb)