Status Report

Supernovae and Single-Year Anomalies in the Atmospheric Radiocarbon Record

By SpaceRef Editor
August 9, 2016
Filed under , ,

Michael Dee, Benjamin Pope, Daniel Miles, Sturt Manning, Fusa Miyake
(Submitted on 8 Aug 2016)

Single-year spikes in radiocarbon production are caused by intense bursts of radiation from space. Supernovae emit both high-energy particle and electromagnetic radiation, but it is the latter that is most likely to strike the atmosphere all at once and cause a surge in 14C production. In the 1990s, it was claimed that the supernova in 1006 CE produced exactly this effect. With the 14C spikes in the years 775 and 994 CE now attributed to extreme solar events, attention has returned to the question of whether historical supernovae are indeed detectable using annual 14C measurements. Here, we combine new and existing measurements over six documented and putative supernovae, and conclude that no such astrophysical event has yet left a distinct imprint on the past atmospheric 14C record.

Comments: 10 Pages; Radiocarbon, accepted
Subjects: Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (astro-ph.SR)
Journal reference: Radiocarbon / FirstView Article / August 2016, pp 1 – 10
DOI: 10.1017/RDC.2016.50
Cite as: arXiv:1608.02308 [astro-ph.SR] (or arXiv:1608.02308v1 [astro-ph.SR] for this version)
Submission history
From: Benjamin Pope
[v1] Mon, 8 Aug 2016 03:42:16 GMT (512kb)

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