Status Report

Star – Planet – Debris Disk Alignment in the HD 82943 system: Is planetary system coplanarity actually the norm?

By SpaceRef Editor
September 9, 2013
Filed under , , ,

Recent results suggest that the two planets in the HD 82943 system are inclined to the sky plane by 20 +/- 4deg. Here, we show that the debris disk in this system is inclined by 27 +/- 4deg, thus adding strength to the derived planet inclinations and suggesting that the planets and debris disk are consistent with being aligned at a level similar to the Solar System. Further, the stellar equator is inferred to be inclined by 28 +/- 4deg, suggesting that the entire star – planet – disk system is aligned, the first time such alignment has been tested for radial velocity discovered planets on ~AU wide orbits. We show that the planet-disk alignment is primordial, and not the result of planetary secular perturbations to the disk inclination. 

In addition, we note three other systems with planets at >10AU discovered by direct imaging that already have good evidence of alignment, and suggest that empirical evidence of system-wide star – planet – disk alignment is therefore emerging, with the exception of systems that host hot Jupiters. While this alignment needs to be tested in a larger number of systems, and is perhaps unsurprising, it is a reminder that the system should be considered as a whole when considering the orientation of planetary orbits.

G. M. Kennedy, M. C. Wyatt, G. Bryden, R. Wittenmyer, B. Sibthorpe (Submitted on 5 Sep 2013)

Comments: Accepted to MNRAS

Subjects: Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP); Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (astro-ph.SR)

Cite as: arXiv:1309.1466 [astro-ph.EP]

(or arXiv:1309.1466v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version) Submission history From: Grant Kennedy [v1] Thu, 5 Sep 2013 20:00:00 GMT (115kb)

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