Status Report

SPACEWARN Bulletin Number 573

By SpaceRef Editor
August 4, 2001
Filed under ,

A publication of NASA’s National Space Science Data Center/World Data Center for Satellite Information as the WWAS for ISES/COSPAR

SPACEWARN Activities

All information in this publication was received between
1 July 2001 and 31 July 2001.

A. List of New International Designations and Launch Dates (UTC).

USSPACECOM Catalog numbers are in parentheses.

    INT.ID    CAT. #      NAME                 DATE (2001)
   2001-032A    (26873)  Coronas-F               31 July
   2001-031A    (26871)  GOES 12                 23 July
   2001-030A    (26867)  Molniya-3K              20 July
   2001-029B    (26864)  BSat 2B                 12 July
   2001-029A    (26863)  Artimes                 12 July
   2001-028A    (26862)  STS 104                 12 July

B. Text of Launch Announcements.

2001-032A Coronas-F
(also known as Koronas-F, and AUS-SM-KF) is a Russian
solar observatory that was launched by a Tsiklon 3 rocket from
Plesetsk at 08:00 UT on 31 July 2001. The 2,260 kg (with fuel)
spacecraft will be pointing toward Sun within 10 arc-minutes to
conduct a variety of observations. In broad categories, it carries
X-ray monitors to locate sources within 1 arc-sec, radio receivers
to measure flux and polarization, and particle counters.

instrument (Investigator: V. N. Oraevsky, IZMIRAN) is to monitor
fluctuations in light intensity in six optical bands (350, 500, 650,
850, 1,100, and 1,500 nanometer) at a precision of one part in a
million. The analysis will reveal a spectrum of normal mode
seismic oscillations in the Sun.

The SORS instrument (Investigators:
S.A Pulinets, IZMIRAN, and Z. Kloss, CBK-PAN) will monitor solar
radio bursts of II, III, and IV types, in the range 0.1-30 MHz, with
0.5 microvolt sensitivity and through 400 frequency channels, with a
full spectrum enabled in three seconds.

The ZENIT instrument
(Investigator: V. N. Oraevsky, IZMIRAN) is a coronograph to monitor
the corona out to six solar radii in the 750-850 nm band, at a
resolution of 1 arc-min. A full scan is done in less than a minute.

The SUFR instrument (Investigator: T. V. Kazachevskaya, IAG) is a UV
radiometer in the 0.1-130 nm band to capture the full disk emission
from the Sun, in the dynamic range 0.1-30 erg/sq-cm/sec.

VUSS instrument (Investigator: A. A. Nousinov, IAG) is designed to
monitor the intensity of full-disk, 121.6 nm Lyman-Alpha line in a
band of 5 nm width, with a dynamic range of 0.1-30 erg/sq-cm/sec.

The DIAGENESS instrument (Investigators: Y. Silvester, CBK-PAN, and
S. Boldyrev, IZMIRAN) is to scan the Sun’s active regions and flares
at five arc-sec resolution in the bands 29.601-33.915, 49.807-
53.721, 61.126-67.335 nm at a temporal resolution of 0.1-10 seconds.
It is also to monitor the full disk X-ray emissions in the bands
2-8 keV, and 10-160 keV at a temporal resolution of about one second.

The RESIK instrument (Investigator: Y. Silvester, CBK-PAB, and S.
Boldyrev, IZMIRAN is a bent crystal X-ray spectrometer to monitor
the bands 11.23-12.93, 12.74-14.42, 14.36-16.30, 16.53-20.29, 21.54-
24.45, 24.80-30.43, 33.69-38.79, 38.21-43.26, and 49.60-60.86 nm.
The first seven bands pertain, respectively, to emissions from Ar,
Mg, Si, S, Ca, Fe, K, Ni, and the last is a continuum.

experiment (Investigator: Kocharov, PTI) aims to monitor hard X-ray
flares in the 2.0-200 keV energy range at temporal resolution of
0.01-2.5 seconds, with a sensitivity of 10 nanoergs/sq-cm/sec. The
sensitivity in the 2-15 keV is high enough to capture microflares
and precursors in a number of small width channels.

instrument (Investigator E. P Mazets, PTI) is to capture high energy
X-rays and Gamma rays in the range 10 keV-8 MeV. It carries two
detectors, one pointing to the Sun and the other in the anti-solar
direction to monitor the energy range in 128 channels, and with
4,096 channels to cover the lower range of 10 keV-1.0 MeV.

instrument (Investigator: S. N. Kuznetsov, NIIYaF-MSU) has three
components. The SONG is to measure solar Gamma rays in the 0.03-100
MeV band through a total of 250 channels, the neutrons in the range
3.0-100 MeV through five channels, and electrons in the 11-108 MeV
range through six channels. The second component, MKL is to capture
protons in the range 1-300 MeV, electrons in the 0.5-12 MeV, protons
at >10 MeV, and electrons at >1.3 MeV. The third component, SKI-3
is to ascertain the chemical composition in the Z = 1-10 group in
the 1.5-20 MeV ions. It has a channel for 1.5-19 MeV protons.

RES-K instrument (Investigator: I. A. Zhitnik (LPI) is a X-ray
spectroheliograph to provide high-resolution images of the solar
disk using the emission lines of FeXXIV and FeXXV in the 18.5 -18.7
nm, and the MgXII line in the 84.1-84.3 nm range. Images in the
emission lines covering 1800-2050 nm and 2850-3350 nm will also be
obtained by scanning the range in widths of 0.3 nm. The images
will be at a spatial resolution of six arc-sec. Each full-disk image
is to be produced in about six seconds.

The RPS instrument
(Investigator: V.M Pankov, IKI, and Yu. D. Kotov, MEPHI) is an X-ray
spectrometer covering the 3-30 keV band in steps of 1.5 keV. The
range includes the Fe55 line at 5.9 keV. The detector width is 0.5

Lastly, the SPR-N instrument (Investigator: I. Sobelman,
FIAN, and S. Kuznetsov, NIIYAF) is a X-ray polarimeter to measure
nonthermal/synchrotron emissions in solar flares in the energy
ranges 20-40, 40-60, and 60-100 keV range at a sensitivity of one

More details may be obtained via

A similar version of this
observatory, Coronas-I (Koronas-I, 1994-014A) was launched in 1994,
but its functionality was crippled by orientation control failure
a few months after launch. [Some acronyms:- IZMIRAN: Institute of
Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere and Radiowave Propagation, Russia.
CBK-PAN: Space Research Center, Polish Academy of Sciences. IAG:
Federov Applied Geophysics Institute. PTI: Ioffe PhysicoTechnical
Institute, Russia. NIIYaF-MSU: Skobeltsyn Nuclear Research Institute
of Moscow State University. LPI: Lebedev Physics Institute, Russia.
IKI: Space Research Institute, Russia. MEPHI: Moscow Engineering
and Physics Institute. FIAN: (Probably) Physics Institute, Academy
of Sciences.] The sun-synchronous orbit has a period of 94.7 min,
apogee 540 km, perigee 499 km, and inclination 82.5 deg.

2001-031A GOES 12
is an American geosynchronous weather satellite that was
launched by an Atlas 2A rocket from Cape Canaveral at 07:23 UT
on 23 July 2001. The 980 kg, 973 W spacecraft carries an IR imager,
a “sounder”, and an X-ray imager. The IR imager is a Cassegrain
telescope covering five wavelength channels, 0.55-0.75, 3.80-4.00,
6.50-7.00, 10.20-11.20, and 11.50-12.50 microns. It can provide
images covering 3,000 km x 3,000 km every 41 seconds, by scanning
the area in 16 square kilometer sections. The “sounder” is to
provide vertical distribution of temperature, moisture and ozone, by
passive monitoring in 18 depth-dependent wavelengths. (Long wave IR:
14.71, 14.37, 14.06, 13.64, 13.37, 12.66, and 12.02 microns. Medium
wave IR: 11.03, 9.71, 7.43, 7.02, and 6.51 microns. Short wave IR:
4.57, 4.52, 4.45, 4.13, 3.98, and 3.74 microns. There is also
another band at visible wavelength 0.7 microns, just to provide
pictures of cloud tops.) The sounder covers an area of 3,000 km x
3,000 km in about 42 minutes. Another instrument package named SEM
(Space Environment Monitor) monitors the energetic electrons and
protons in the magnetosphere and the X-rays from the Sun. The above
three have been carried on the earlier GOES missions, but GOES 12
carries also an X-ray imager providing an X-ray (about 0.1-1.0 nm
wavelength) picture of the solar disk. For some months, the
spacecraft will be on standby, to be activated and moved to a
desired longitude. The URL,
carries more information on the payloads.
2001-030A Molniya-3K
(named Molniya 1-K by USSPACECOM) is a Russian military
communications spacecraft that was launched by a Molniya-M rocket
from Plesetsk at 00:47 UT on 20 July 2001. The initial orbital
parameters of the 2 tonne spacecraft were period 12 hr, 16 min,
apogee 40,811 km, perigee 255 km, and inclination 62.7 deg.
2001-029B BSat 2B
was intended to be Japanese geosynchronous communications
spacecraft. It was launched by an Ariane 5 rocket from Kourou at
23:58 UT on 12 July 2001. A propulsion problem in the final stage
of rocket caused the 1.3 tonne satellite to orbit at a much lower
altitude. Since BSAT 2B carries only one engine, an ignition of that
will be inadequate to lift the orbit significantly. Currently, the
orbit remains with period 317 min, apogee 17,470 km, perigee 591 km,
and inclination 2.9 deg.
2001-029A Artimes
was to be a European (ESA) geosynchronous communications
spacecraft that was launched by an Ariane 5 rocket from Kourou at
23:58 UT on 12 July 2001. A propulsion problem in the final stage
resulted in the 3.1 tonne (with fuel), 2.5 kW spacecraft
ending up in a much lower orbit. It however carries two engines
and adequate fuel that if ignited could elevate the orbit
significantly, probably to the geosynchronous altitude. If that
succeeds, it will provide voice and data communications between
mobile phones in Europe and North America, and act as a relaying
satellite between low-Earth orbiters and ground stations.
Eventually, as part of the planned EGNOS system (to be operational
by about 2010) it will provide navigation/location determination
like the GPS and GLONASS fleet do. The current orbital parameters
are period 318 minutes, apogee 17,545 km, perigee 596 km, and
inclination 3.0 deg.
2001-028A STS 104
is an American shuttle spacecraft that was launched from
Cape Canaveral at 09:04 UT on 12 July 2001. It carried a crew of
five American astronauts and a major unit called ISS Airlock, and
docked with the ISS at 03:08 UT on 14 July 2001. The six tonne
Airlock is a pressurizable unit consisting of two cylinders of
diameter four meters and a total length six meters. They were
installed and secured by the crew during three EVAs. The Airlock
can be pressurized by the externally mounted high pressure oxygen-nitrogen
tanks, and will be the sole unit through which all future
EVAs will take place. (Until now, all EVA entries/exits have been
through a Russian module in ISS, with non-Russians having to wear
Russian space suits.) Another payload was the “EarthKAM” of
middle/high school interest. It will allow pupils to command picture-taking
of chosen spots on Earth; they were expected to target 2,000 spots.
The shuttle also carried out pulsed exhaust during maneuvers to
enable better understanding of the formation of HF echoes from the
shuttle exhaust. The echoes were obtained by ground based radars in
an experiment called SIMPLEX (Shuttle Ionospheric Modification with
Pulsed Local EXhaust). The shuttle landed back in Cape Canaveral
at 03:39 UT on 25 July 2001. The initial orbital parameters were
period 92.2 min, apogee 390 km, perigee 372 km, and inclination 51.6

C. Spacecraft Particularly Suited for International Participation

  1. Spacecraft with essentially continuous radio beacons on frequencies
    less than 150 MHz, or higher frequencies if especially suited for ionospheric
    or geodetic studies. (NNSS denotes U.S. Navy Navigational
    Satellite System. Updates or corrections to the list are possible only with
    information from the user community.)

    The full list appeared in SPX 545.
    The list will not be repeated in future issues until significantly revised again.

  2. Global Positioning System satellites useful for navigational
    purposes and geodetic studies. (“NNN” denotes no national name. SPACEWARN
    would appreciate suggestions to update this list. An asterisk [*] denotes
    changes in this issue.)

    High precision (<20 cm) GPS constellation tracking data obtained from
    the network of about 80 dedicated global stations that are of interest to
    geodetic study may be obtained through the following services provided
    by the International Association of Geodesy (IGS)

         FTP:  [directory /igscb]

    The standard format of the GPS situation appeared in SPX-518. It will not
    be repeated since an excellent source of trajectory- and science-related GPS information is at
    It provides many links to GPS related databases.

  3. Russian Global Navigational (Positioning) Spacecraft, GLONASS
    constellation. (SPACEWARN requests updates/additions from readers to this list.
    Entries marked “*” are updates or additions to the list.)

    All GLONASS spacecraft are in the general COSMOS series. The COSMOS numbers
    (nnnn) invoked by USSPACECOM have often differed from the numbers (NNNN)
    associated in Russia; when different, the USSPACECOM COSMOS numbers are shown
    in parentheses. The corresponding GLONASS numbers are Russian numbers, followed
    by the numbers in parentheses that are sometimes attributed to them outside

    The operating frequencies in MHz are computed from the channel number K.
    Frequencies (MHz) = 1602.0 + 0.5625K and L2 = 1246.0 + 0.4375K.

    The standard format of the GLONASS situation appeared in SPX-545. It
    will not be repeated in view of the excellent updated source at:
    maintained by the Coordinational
    Scientific Information Center (CSIC),Russian Space Forces.

  4. Visually bright objects.

    A comprehensive list of visually bright
    objects with their two-line orbital elements is available from USSPACECOM, via a
    NASA URL, The list, however,
    does not include visual magnitudes, but are expected to be brighter than
    magnitude 5.

  5. Actual decays/landings of payload spacecraft and rocket bodies (R/B)
    only. No further information is available.

    Designations         Common Name                  Decay Date (2001)
    1996-056B (24323)  R/B Delta 2                             28 July
    2001-028A (26862)  STS 104           Landed on             25 July
    1992-043F (22048)  R/B Proton                              23 July
    2001-013C (26739)  R/B Delta 2                             09 July
    2001-027B (26860)  R/B Delta 2                             07 July
    1988-022A (18980)  MOLNIYA 1-72                            04 July

  6. Miscellaneous Items. (This section contains information/data that
    are entered on occasion and may not be repeated in each issue of the
    SPACEWARN Bulletin.)

  7. Related NSSDC resources.

    NSSDC/WDC for Satellite Information is an archival center for science
    data from many spacecraft. Many space physics datasets are on-line for
    electronic access through:

    For off-line data, please contact the Request Office, NSSDC, Code 633,
    NASA GSFC, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771, U.S.A., for specific information
    Information on the current status of the instruments on board from the
    investigators will be most welcomed. Precomputed trajectory files
    and orbital parameters of many magnetospheric and heliospheric science-payload
    spacecraft may be obtained from:

    Other files interest for Earth-centered spacecraft can be generated through the URL,

    Programs related to the heliospheric spacecraft trajectories can be executed
    through the URL,

    Magnetospheric, Planetary, and Astronomical science data from many spacecraft
    may be accessed through links from the URL:

SpaceRef staff editor.