- Press Release
- August 13, 2022
SPACEWARN Bulletin Number 562 (DRAFT)
SPACEWARN Bulletin Number 562 (DRAFT)
|01 September 2000|
A publication of NASA’s National Space Science Data Center/World Data Center for Satellite Information as the WWAS for ISES/COSPAR
All information in this publication was received between
1 August 2000 and 31 August 2000.
A. List of New International Designations and Launch Dates (UTC).
USSPACECOM Catalog numbers are in parentheses.
COSPAR/WWAS USSPACECOM SPACECRAFT LAUNCH INT.ID CAT. # NAME DATE (2000) ------------------------------------------------------- 2000-049A (26477) Raduga-1 5 28 Aug 2000-048A (26475) DM-F3 23 Aug 2000-047A (26473) USA 152 17 Aug 2000-046B (26470) Nilesat 102 17 Aug 2000-046A (26469) Brazilsat B4 17 Aug 2000-045B (26464) Cluster 2/FM8 (Tango) 09 Aug 2000-045A (26463) Cluster 2/FM5 (Rumba) 09 Aug 2000-044A (26461) Progress M1-3 06 Aug
B. Text of Launch Announcements.
is a Russian military communications geosynchronous
spacecraft that was launched by a Proton-K rocket from Baikonur at
20:27 UT. The spacecraft also has the alternative names Cosmos 2372
and Globus-1. There are many Radugas still in orbit, but only
about five of them are operational.
is an American dummy satellite that was used to test
the launch capability of the new model Delta 3 rocket. It was
launched from Cape Canaveral at 11:05 UT. The 4,300 kg dummy is a
two-meter diameter steel spool on which the US Air Force had marked
black stripes to enable a novel tracking technique. Initial orbital
parameters were period 361 min, apogee 20,634 km, perigee 192 km,
and inclination 27.6 deg.
is an American radar-imaging military/NRO satellite that
was launched by a Titan 4B rocket from Vandenberg AFB at 23:45 UT.
It is the fourth in the Lacrosse series, and is probably a
replacement for the aging Lacrosse 2.
is an Egyptian geosynchronous communications spacecraft
that was launched by an Ariane 44LP rocket from Kourou at 23:16 UT.
The 1,827 kg (with fuel) spacecraft carries 12 Ku-band 100 W
transponders to provide digital communications for countries in
North Africa and Middle East, after parking over 7 deg-E.
is a Brazilian geosynchronous communications
spacecraft that was launched by an Ariane 44LP rocket from Kourou
at 23:16 UT. The 1,757 kg (with fuel) spacecraft carries 28 C-band
transponders to provide voice and video communications to the
entire South American continent after parking over 92 deg-W.
|2000-045A, 2000-045B||Cluster 2/FM5 (Rumba) and Cluster 2/FM8 (Tango)
are the second
pair of the Cluster quadruplet that were launched by a Soyuz-Fregat
rocket from Baikonur at 11:13 UT. The spacecraft and their
payloads are identical to those of the earlier Cluster pair
(2000-041A, 2000-041B) reported in
and will not be repeated here.
The orbits of all these four will be frequently maneuvered so as
to achieve the targeted investigations. For ongoing updates
of orbital information and other status, see
Initial orbital parameters of both were similar: period
3,426 min, apogee 120,500 km, perigee 17,200 km, and inclination
Note: This is to summarize the nomenclature for the recently launched
ESA ESA ESA flight International NORAD NSSDC/ Launch number name model ID Number WDC-SI date number Name 1 Rumba FM5 2000-045A 26463 Cluster 1 09AUG00 2 Salsa FM6 2000-041B 26411 Cluster 2 16JUL00 3 Samba FM7 2000-041A 26410 Cluster 3 16JUL00 4 Tango FM8 2000-045B 26464 Cluster 4 09AUG00
Note that NSSDC will carry the name “Cluster96” in its information
Joseph H. King
is a Russian automatic cargo carrier that was
launched by a Soyuz-U rocket from Baikonur at 18:26 UT. It carried
1.5 tonnes of fuel, and 615 kg of various equipment, water, and food
to deliver to the Zvezda module of the ISS. It docked with Zvezda
at 08:56 UT on 8 August. The cargo will be unloaded into Zvezda
when an American shuttle arrives with a Russian-American crew in
September 2000. Initial orbital parameters were period 91.8 min,
apogee 369 km, perigee 357 km, and inclination 51.6 deg.
C. Spacecraft Particularly Suited for International Participation
- Spacecraft with essentially continuous radio beacons on frequencies
less than 150 MHz, or higher frequencies if especially suited for ionospheric
or geodetic studies. (NNSS denotes U.S. Navy Navigational
Satellite System. Updates or corrections to the list are possible only with
information from the user community.)
The full list appeared in SPX 545.
The list will not be repeated in future issues until significantly revised again.
- Global Positioning System satellites useful for navigational
purposes and geodetic studies. (“NNN” denotes no national name. SPACEWARN
would appreciate suggestions to update this list. An asterisk [*] denotes
changes in this issue.)
High precision (<20 cm) GPS constellation tracking data obtained from
the network of about 80 dedicated global stations that are of interest to
geodetic study may be obtained through the following services provided
by the International Association of Geodesy (IGS)
FTP: igscb.jpl.nasa.gov [directory /igscb] WWW: http://igscb.jpl.nasa.gov/ E-mail: email@example.com
The standard format of the GPS situation appeared in SPX-518. It will not
be repeated since an excellent source of trajectory- and science-related GPS information is at
It provides many links to GPS related databases.
The latest addition to the GPS fleet is Navstar 48 (USA 151).
- Russian Global Navigational (Positioning) Spacecraft, GLONASS
constellation. (SPACEWARN requests updates/additions from readers to this list.
Entries marked “*” are updates or additions to the list.)
All GLONASS spacecraft are in the general COSMOS series. The COSMOS numbers
(nnnn) invoked by USSPACECOM have often differed from the numbers (NNNN)
associated in Russia; when different, the USSPACECOM COSMOS numbers are shown
in parentheses. The corresponding GLONASS numbers are Russian numbers, followed
by the numbers in parentheses that are sometimes attributed to them outside
The operating frequencies in MHz are computed from the channel number K.
Frequencies (MHz) = 1602.0 + 0.5625K and L2 = 1246.0 + 0.4375K.
The standard format of the GLONASS situation appeared in SPX-545. It
will not be repeated in view of the excellent updated source at:
maintained by the Coordinational
Scientific Information Center (CSIC),Russian Space Forces.
- Actual decays/landings of payload spacecraft and rocket bodies (R/B)
only. No further information is available.
Designations Common Name Decay Date (2000) 1991-046E (21538) R/B(Aux) Proton 22 Aug 1983-025D (13967) R/B that launched MOLNIYA 1-57 16 Aug 1996-056C (24321) R/B Delta 2 15 Aug 2000-045C (26465) R/B Soyuz-U 09 Aug 2000-044B (26462) R/B Soyuz-U 08 Aug 2000-024B (26357) R/B Titan 4 28 Jul 1997-085A (25123) EARLY BIRD 27 Jul 1994-021H (23050) R/B Proton-K 25 Jul
- Miscellaneous Items. (This section contains information/data that
are entered on occasion and may not be repeated in each issue of the
USSPACECOM has now the final, matching names and numbers for the following
- 2000-039A (26404) NINA (MITA-O)
- 2000-039B (26405) CHAMP
- 2000-039C (26406) BIRD-RUBEN + Rocket Body
These correspond to what were reported in
but not to the late-July revision by USSPACECOM.
- Related NSSDC resources.
NSSDC/WDC for Satellite Information is an archival center for science
data from many spacecraft. Many space physics datasets are on-line for
electronic access through:
For off-line data, please contact the Request Office, NSSDC, Code 633,
NASA GSFC, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771, U.S.A., for specific information
Information on the current status of the instruments on board from the
investigators will be most welcomed. Precomputed trajectory files
and orbital parameters of many magnetospheric and heliospheric science-payload
spacecraft may be accessed via anonymous FTP from NSSDC.
(See About the SPACEWARN Bulletin
for access method; a file in the active directory named AAREADME.TXT,
outlines the contents.)
Other files interest for Earth-centered spacecraft can be generated through the URL,
Programs related to the heliospheric spacecraft trajectories can be executed
through the URL,
Magnetospheric, Planetary, and Astronomical science data from many spacecraft
may be accessed through links from the URL: