Status Report

SPACEWARN Bulletin 585

By SpaceRef Editor
July 31, 2002
Filed under ,

SPACEWARN Activities

All information in this publication was received between
1 July 2002 and 31 July 2002.

A. List of New International Designations and Launch Dates (UTC).

USSPACECOM Catalog numbers are in parentheses.

    INT.ID    CAT. #      NAME                   DATE (UT)
   2002-037A    (27470)  Cosmos 2392         25 July 2002
   2002-036B    (27465)  Cosmos 2391         08 July 2002
   2002-036A    (27464)  Cosmos 2390         08 July 2002
   2002-035B    (27461)  N-STAR 3            05 July 2002
   2002-035A    (27460)  STELLAT 5           05 July 2002
   2002-034A    (27457)  CONTOUR             03 July 2002 

B. Text of Launch Announcements.

2002-037A Cosmos 2392
(also known as Arkon) is a Russian military
reconnaissance satellite that was launched by a Proton-K rocket
from Baikonur at 15:13 UT on 25 July 2002. The 2.6 tonne (with fuel)
satellite carries a high-resolution imager with a 1.6 meter mirror
telescope to provide images at a resolution of one meter. The images
will be distributed for sale by a Russian company. The initial
orbital parameters were period 120 min, apogee 1,834 km, perigee
1,507 km, and inclination 63.5 deg.
2002-036A,  2002-036B Cosmos 2390 and Cosmos 2391
Cosmos 2391 and Cosmos 2390 are Russian military communications
satellites that were launched by a Cosmos-3M rocket from Plesetsk
at 06:36 UT on 8 July 2002. (These 200 kg satellites are reported
to belong to the “Strela-3 class” of satellites.). The initial
orbital parameters of both were close: period 115.7 min, apogee
1,507 km perigee 1467 km, and inclination 82.5 deg.
2002-035B N-STAR 3
is a Japanese geostationary communications spacecraft
that was launched (along with STELLAT 5) by an Ariane 5 rocket
from Kourou at 23:22 UT on 5 July 2002. The 1,625 kg (with fuel),
1,400 W triaxially-stabilized satellite will provide mobile
telephony, data transfer and maritime communications to Japan and
neighboring area through its S- and C-band transponders after
parking over 135 deg-E longitude.
2002-035A STELLAT 5
is a European geostationary communications spacecraft
that was launched (along with N-STAR 3) by an Ariane 5 rocket from
Kourou at 23:22 UT on 5 July 2002. It will provide television and
two-way Internet services to Europe, North Africa and Middle East
through its 35 Ku-band and 10 C-band transponders after parking over
5 deg-W longitude.
2002-034A CONTOUR
CONTOUR (Comet Nucleus Tour) is an American (NASA) heliospheric
spacecraft that was launched by a Delta 2 rocket from Cape Canaveral
at 06:47 UT on 3 July 2002. The 970 kg will remain in Earth-orbit
until about 15 August 2002, when it will begin the heliospheric
voyage of four or more years to meet at least two comets, Comet
Encke on 12 November 2003, and Comet Schwassmann-Wachmann 3 (SW3)
on 19 June 2006, at a distance of 100 km from each nucleus. Before
each encounter, it will undergo a speed boost by an Earth swingby.
It carries four instruments to image the comets and analyze the
emitted dust and gaseous material.

CRISP (Contour Remote Imager/Spectrograph) is a 12 kg, 36 W
instrument. It will provide one panchromatic and nine color images
of the comets at frequent intervals, through its 10-cm aperture, 68-cm
focal length telescope. It will also provide UV spectra in 256

CFI (Contour Forward Imager) is a 4 kg, 2 W instrument that will
scan and provide images of far-away comets, to be imaged later by
CRISP at close range.

NGIMS (Neutral Gas Ion Mass Spectrometer) is a 9 kg, 23 W instrument
that will analyze the gaseous emissions from the cometary coma.

CIDA (Comet Impact Dust Analyzer) is a Time-of-Flight (ToF) ion mass
spectrometer that will measure the mass distribution of the
impacting dust particles.

More details of the mission and the experiments are available in, and

The Principal Investigator for all the CONTOUR experiments is Joseph
Viverka of Cornell University, Ithaca, NY. The Project Manager is
Edward Reynolds of the Applied Physics Lab/JHU, Laurel, MD. The
initial parameters of the geocentric phase are period 2,482 min,
apogee 108,498 km, perigee 183 km, and inclination 30.2 deg.

C. Spacecraft Particularly Suited for International Participation

  1. Spacecraft with essentially continuous radio beacons on frequencies
    less than 150 MHz, or higher frequencies if especially suited for ionospheric
    or geodetic studies. (NNSS denotes U.S. Navy Navigational
    Satellite System. Updates or corrections to the list are possible only with
    information from the user community.)

    The full list appeared in SPX 545.
    The list will not be repeated in future issues until significantly revised again.

  2. Global Positioning System satellites useful for navigational
    purposes and geodetic studies.

    High precision (<20 cm) GPS constellation tracking data obtained from
    the network of about 80 dedicated global stations that are of interest to
    geodetic study may be obtained through the following services provided
    by the International Association of Geodesy (IGS)

         FTP:  [directory /igscb]

    The standard format of the GPS situation appeared in SPX-518. It will not
    be repeated since an excellent source of trajectory- and science-related GPS information is at
    It provides many links to GPS related databases.

  3. Russian Global Navigational (Positioning) Spacecraft, GLONASS
    constellation. (SPACEWARN requests updates/additions from readers to this list.)

    All GLONASS spacecraft are in the general COSMOS series. The COSMOS numbers
    (nnnn) invoked by USSPACECOM have often differed from the numbers (NNNN)
    associated in Russia; when different, the USSPACECOM COSMOS numbers are shown
    in parentheses. The corresponding GLONASS numbers are Russian numbers, followed
    by the numbers in parentheses that are sometimes attributed to them outside

    The operating frequencies in MHz are computed from the channel number K.
    Frequencies (MHz) = 1602.0 + 0.5625K and L2 = 1246.0 + 0.4375K.

    The standard format of the GLONASS situation appeared in SPX-545. It
    will not be repeated in view of the excellent updated source at:
    maintained by the Coordinational
    Scientific Information Center (CSIC),Russian Space Forces.

    The latest addition to the GLONASS fleet are Cosmos 2380, Cosmos 2381, and
    Cosmos 2382.

  4. Visually bright objects.

    A comprehensive list of visually bright
    objects with their two-line orbital elements is available from USSPACECOM, via a
    NASA site, The list, however,
    does not include visual magnitudes, but are expected to be brighter than
    magnitude 5.

  5. Actual decays/landings of payload spacecraft and rocket bodies (R/B)
    only. No further information is available.

    Designations         Common Name                  Decay Date (2002)
    2002-037B (27471)  R/B(1) Proton-K                        26 July
    1999-072A (26040)  COSMOS 2367                            20 July
    2000-042C (26904)  PICOSAT 7&8 (Tethered)                 11 July
    2002-034B (27458)  R/B(1) Delta 2                         06 July
    2002-022B (27425)  R/B Delta 2                            02 July
    2002-007B (27381)  R/B Ariane 44L                         01 July
    2001-034B (26885)  R/B(1) Delta 2                         01 July
  6. 60-day Decay Predictions.

    The USSPACECOM forecasts and maintains a
    list of decays of orbiting objects expected in the next 60 days , with fair
    accuracy. The list may be accessed through a NASA site,
    as follows:

    1. Select “OIG Main Page”.
    2. Select “Send Message to System administrator”, who will provide a login account.
    3. After getting an ID and a Password, click on “Registered User Login”.
      (Step (2) is not needed after obtaining an account.)
    4. Select “Continue”.
    5. Select “General information”.
    6. Select “Reports”.
    7. Select “Sixty Day Decay…”.

    Note: The login requirement is enforced due to the events on 11 September 2001.

  7. Miscellaneous Items. (This section contains information/data that
    are entered on occasion and may not be repeated in each issue of the
    SPACEWARN Bulletin.)

    It appears that there is no national or international organization that
    defines the various alphabetically designated Communication and Broadcasting
    frequency bands. One of the extant lists has the following coverages. The
    Spacewarn Bulletin would appreciate input from the reader community to update
    the coverage status. (

                 L-Band   1.35-1.70 GHz
                 S-Band   1.70-2.30 GHz;   2.30-2.70 GHz
                 C-Band   3.40-4.20 GHz;   4.40-5.00 GHz; 5.725-8.40 GHz
                Ku-Band  10.00-13.25 GHz; 14.00-15.40 GHz
                 K-Bnad  17.30-24.05 GHz
                Ka-Band  25.25-31.80 GHz
  8. Related NSSDC resources.

    NSSDC/WDC for Satellite Information is an archival center for science
    data from many spacecraft. Many space physics datasets are on-line for
    electronic access through:

    For off-line data, please contact the Request Office, NSSDC, Code 633,
    NASA GSFC, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771, U.S.A., for specific information
    Information on the current status of the instruments on board from the
    investigators will be most welcomed. Precomputed trajectory files
    and orbital parameters of many magnetospheric and heliospheric science-payload
    spacecraft may be obtained from:

    Other files interest for Earth-centered spacecraft can be generated through the URL,

    Programs related to the heliospheric spacecraft trajectories can be executed
    through the URL,

    Magnetospheric, Planetary, and Astronomical science data from many spacecraft
    may be accessed through links from the URL:

SpaceRef staff editor.