- Press Release
- August 13, 2022
SPACEWARN Bulletin 585 – 3 Sep 2002
All information in this publication was received between
1 August 2002 and 31 August 2002.
A. List of New International Designations and Launch Dates (UTC).
USSPACECOM Catalog numbers are in parentheses.
COSPAR/WWAS USSPACECOM SPACECRAFT LAUNCH INT.ID CAT. # NAME DATE (UT) -------------------------------------------------------- 2002-040B (27509) MSG 1 28 August 2002 2002-040A (27508) Atlantic Bird 28 August 2002 2002-039A (27501) Echostar 8 22 August 2002 2002-038A (27499) Hot Bird 6 21 August 2002
B. Text of Launch Announcements.
(Meteosat Second Generation 1) is a European (Eumetsat
consortium) geostationary weather satellite that was launched by
an Ariane 5 rocket from Kourou at 22:45 UT on 28 August 2002.
The cylindrical, 2-tonne satellite will enable quicker and more
accurate weather forecast in Europe than in the past, after first
parking over 10 deg-E longitude for six months and later moving
the zero degree longitude. It carries two major instruments.
SEVIRI (Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infra-Red Imager) is a 12-
channel imager that will provide a set of surface and cloud-cover
images every 15 minutes at a spatial resolution of 1 km. Four of
the channels are in cloud- and soil-reflected visible wavelengths,
four infrared channels will measure temperature of clouds and sea-
surafce, and the remaining four infrared channels will provide water
vapor, ozone and carbon dioxide contents.
GERB (Geostationary Earth Radiation Budget) measures the radiation
Raw data from both instruments will be directly downlinked to
Besides those two instruments, it carries receivers for weather-data
is a European (Eutelsat) geostationary communications
spacecraft that was launched by an Ariane 5 rocket from Kourou at
22:45 UT on 28 August 2002. The 2.7 tonne (dry mass), 5 kW satellite
will provide voice, video, and Internet services to Europe and
the eastern part of America through its 24 transponders after parking
over 12.5 deg-W
is an American geostationary communication spacecraft
that was launched by a Proton-K rocket from Baikonur at 05:15 UT on
22 August 2002. The 4.7 tonne satellite will provide digital TV
broadcast to North America through its 16 “spot beams” and 41
transponders in the Ku-band after parking over 110 deg-W longitude.
|2002-038A||Hot Bird 6
is a European (Eutelsat) geostationary communications
spacecraft that was launched by an Atlas 5/Centaur rocket from Cape
Canaveral at 22:05 UT on 21 August 2002. It was a maiden flight for
the Atlas 5 which has two stages (one a liquid oxygen and hydrogen,
the other a liquid oxygen and liquid hydrogen burner) and uses
Russian motors. The 4.9 tonne Hot Bird 6 will provide digital radio
and television coverage to Europe, North Africa and the Middle East
through its 28 Ku-band and four Ka-band transponders after parking
over 13 deg-E longitude.
C. Spacecraft Particularly Suited for International Participation
- Spacecraft with essentially continuous radio beacons on frequencies
less than 150 MHz, or higher frequencies if especially suited for ionospheric
or geodetic studies. (NNSS denotes U.S. Navy Navigational
Satellite System. Updates or corrections to the list are possible only with
information from the user community.)
The full list appeared in SPX 545.
The list will not be repeated in future issues until significantly revised again.
- Global Positioning System satellites useful for navigational
purposes and geodetic studies.
High precision (<20 cm) GPS constellation tracking data obtained from
the network of about 80 dedicated global stations that are of interest to
geodetic study may be obtained through the following services provided
by the International Association of Geodesy (IGS)
FTP: igscb.jpl.nasa.gov [directory /igscb] WWW: http://igscb.jpl.nasa.gov/ E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
The standard format of the GPS situation appeared in SPX-518. It will not
be repeated since an excellent source of trajectory- and science-related GPS information is at
It provides many links to GPS related databases.
- Russian Global Navigational (Positioning) Spacecraft, GLONASS
constellation. (SPACEWARN requests updates/additions from readers to this list.)
All GLONASS spacecraft are in the general COSMOS series. The COSMOS numbers
(nnnn) invoked by USSPACECOM have often differed from the numbers (NNNN)
associated in Russia; when different, the USSPACECOM COSMOS numbers are shown
in parentheses. The corresponding GLONASS numbers are Russian numbers, followed
by the numbers in parentheses that are sometimes attributed to them outside
The operating frequencies in MHz are computed from the channel number K.
Frequencies (MHz) = 1602.0 + 0.5625K and L2 = 1246.0 + 0.4375K.
The standard format of the GLONASS situation appeared in SPX-545. It
will not be repeated in view of the excellent updated source at:
maintained by the Coordinational
Scientific Information Center (CSIC),Russian Space Forces.
The latest addition to the GLONASS fleet are Cosmos 2380, Cosmos 2381, and
- Visually bright objects.
A comprehensive list of visually bright
objects with their two-line orbital elements is available from USSPACECOM, via a
NASA site, http://oig1.gsfc.nasa.gov/files/visible.tle. The list, however,
does not include visual magnitudes, but are expected to be brighter than
- Actual decays/landings of payload spacecraft and rocket bodies (R/B)
only. No further information is available.
Designations Common Name Decay Date (2002) 2002-037B (27471) R/B(1) Proton-K 26 July 1999-072A (26040) COSMOS 2367 20 July 2000-042C (26904) PICOSAT 7&8 (Tethered) 11 July 2002-034B (27458) R/B(1) Delta 2 06 July 2002-022B (27425) R/B Delta 2 02 July 2002-007B (27381) R/B Ariane 44L 01 July 2001-034B (26885) R/B(1) Delta 2 01 July
- 60-day Decay Predictions.
The USSPACECOM forecasts and maintains a
list of decays of orbiting objects expected in the next 60 days , with fair
accuracy. The list may be accessed through a NASA site,
- Select “OIG Main Page”.
- Select “Send Message to System administrator”, who will provide a login account.
- After getting an ID and a Password, click on “Registered User Login”.
(Step (2) is not needed after obtaining an account.)
- Select “Continue”.
- Select “General information”.
- Select “Reports”.
- Select “Sixty Day Decay…”.
Note: The login requirement is enforced due to the events on 11 September 2001.
- Miscellaneous Items. (This section contains information/data that
are entered on occasion and may not be repeated in each issue of the
CONTOUR spacecraft (2002-034A) is reported to have lost contact with the
ground control. A thruster was ignited on 15 August 2002 to boost it into
a heliocentric orbit so as to obtain images of two comets over the next few
years. But soon after the ignition there was no contact. Ground based
telescopes seem to have photographed the spacecraft as two separate pieces.
NASA has appointed panel to investigate the cause.
The CRL, Kokubunji, Japan has notified us that NASDA expects to launch a
geostationary DRTS (Data Relay Test Satellite) on 10 September 2002 by a
It appears that there is no national or international organization that
defines the various alphabetically designated Communication and Broadcasting
frequency bands. One of the extant lists has the following coverages. The
Spacewarn Bulletin would appreciate input from the reader community to update
the coverage status. (email@example.com)
L-Band 1.35-1.70 GHz S-Band 1.70-2.30 GHz; 2.30-2.70 GHz C-Band 3.40-4.20 GHz; 4.40-5.00 GHz; 5.725-8.40 GHz Ku-Band 10.00-13.25 GHz; 14.00-15.40 GHz K-Bnad 17.30-24.05 GHz Ka-Band 25.25-31.80 GHz
- Related NSSDC resources.
NSSDC/WDC for Satellite Information is an archival center for science
data from many spacecraft. Many space physics datasets are on-line for
electronic access through:
For off-line data, please contact the Request Office, NSSDC, Code 633,
NASA GSFC, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771, U.S.A., for specific information
Information on the current status of the instruments on board from the
investigators will be most welcomed. Precomputed trajectory files
and orbital parameters of many magnetospheric and heliospheric science-payload
spacecraft may be obtained from:
Other files interest for Earth-centered spacecraft can be generated through the URL,
Programs related to the heliospheric spacecraft trajectories can be executed
through the URL,
Magnetospheric, Planetary, and Astronomical science data from many spacecraft
may be accessed through links from the URL: