- Press Release
- August 13, 2022
SPACEWARN Bulletin 583 (DRAFT)
All information in this publication was received between
1 May 2002 and 31 May 2002.
A. List of New International Designations and Launch Dates (UTC).
USSPACECOM Catalog numbers are in parentheses.
COSPAR/WWAS USSPACECOM SPACECRAFT LAUNCH INT.ID CAT. # NAME DATE (UT) -------------------------------------------------------- 2002-026A (27436) Cosmos 2389 28 May 2002 2002-025A (27434) OFEQ 5 28 May 2002 2002-024B (27431) Payload B 15 May 2002 2002-024A (27430) Payload A 15 May 2002 2002-023A (27426) DirecTV 5 07 May 2002 2002-022A (27424) Aqua 04 May 2002 2002-021A (27421) SPOT 5 04 May 2002
B. Text of Launch Announcements.
is a Russian military communications spacecraft that
was launched by a Cosmos-3M rocket from Plesetsk at 18:15 UT on
28 May 2002. Initial orbital parameters were period 105 min, apogee
1,017 km, perigee 950 km, and inclination 83 deg.
is an Israeli military photo-reconnaissance satellite
that was launched westward (i.e., retrograde) from Palmahim Beach
AFB on the Mediterranean coast by a Shavit rocket at 14:55 UT on
28 May 2002. The initial orbital parameters were period 96 min,
apogee 770 km, perigee 369 km, and inclination 143.5 deg.
|2002-024A, 2002-024B||Payload A and Payload B
are the tentative names for the two Chinese
(PRC) satellites that were launched by a Long March 4B rocket from
Taiyuan Launch Center on 5 May 2002 at 01:50 UT. (There are three
operational launch centers in China: Jiuquan in Gansu province in
the northwest, Taiyuan in Shanxi province in the north, and Xichang
in Sichuan province in the southwest.) One of them is the weather
satellite Fengyun 1D (meaning Wind and Cloud 1D), and the other is
Haiyang 1 (Marine 1).
The 428 kg Fengyun 1D carries an Earth Imager that will digitally
The 360 kg Haiyang 1 carries an Ocean Imager in sevral visible and
The initial orbital parameters of both were very close: period
is an American geosynchronous communications spacecraft
that was launched by a Proton-K rocket from Baikonur at 17:00 UT on
7 May 2002. The 4.3 tonne (with fuel) spacecraft will provide digital
television to North American subscribers after parking over
119 deg-W longitude through its 32 Ku-band transponders.
(previously named EOS PM-1) is a major American (NASA)
hydrology satellite that was launched by a Delta 2 rocket from
Vandenberg AFB at 09:55 UT on 4 May 2002. With dimensions 4.8 m x
8.4 m x 16.7 m (including solar sails), mass of 1.75 tonnes, and
power of 4.86 kW, it carries six instrument packages of additional
mass of 1.08 tonne to study the global water cycle in the oceans,
ice caps, land masses and the atmosphere. The Project Scientist is
Claire Parkinson and the Project Manager is Phil Sabelhaus, both at
NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center. Data will be distributed through
the various DAACs (Distributed Active Archive Center). The URL for
the Aqua mission is
AMSR/E (Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer/EOS) is a 324 kg,
MODIS (MODerate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) is a 229 kg,
AMSU (Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit) is a NASA/GSFC sponsored
AIRS (Atmospheric Infrared Scanner) is a 156 kg, 256 W NASA/JPL
HSB (Humidity Sounder from Brazil) is an INPE/Brazil, 66 kg, 85 W
CERES (Clouds and Earth Radiant Energy System) is a NASA/LaRC, 100 kg,
The initial orbital parameters of AQUA were period 98.4 min, apogee
is a French (CNES), Earth-imaging, three tonne satellite that
was launched by an Ariane 42P rocket from Kourou at 00:31 UT on
4 May 2002. Its planar and stereoscopic relief images at about three
meter resolution will be marketted for civilian and military uses,
for cartographic and vegetation analyses. Panchromatic (at 2.5 m
resolution) as well as multispectral images (at 10 m resolution)
could be obtained. The position of the satellite, and hence the
location of the imges could be determined at 15 m accuracy by means
of the DORIS position determination instrument. Extensive
information on the instruments and data products is available via
The initial orbital parameters were period 101.4 min, apogee 826 km,
perigee 825 km, and inclination 98.8 deg.
C. Spacecraft Particularly Suited for International Participation
- Spacecraft with essentially continuous radio beacons on frequencies
less than 150 MHz, or higher frequencies if especially suited for ionospheric
or geodetic studies. (NNSS denotes U.S. Navy Navigational
Satellite System. Updates or corrections to the list are possible only with
information from the user community.)
The full list appeared in SPX 545.
The list will not be repeated in future issues until significantly revised again.
- Global Positioning System satellites useful for navigational
purposes and geodetic studies.
High precision (<20 cm) GPS constellation tracking data obtained from
the network of about 80 dedicated global stations that are of interest to
geodetic study may be obtained through the following services provided
by the International Association of Geodesy (IGS)
FTP: igscb.jpl.nasa.gov [directory /igscb] WWW: http://igscb.jpl.nasa.gov/ E-mail: email@example.com
The standard format of the GPS situation appeared in SPX-518. It will not
be repeated since an excellent source of trajectory- and science-related GPS information is at
It provides many links to GPS related databases.
- Russian Global Navigational (Positioning) Spacecraft, GLONASS
constellation. (SPACEWARN requests updates/additions from readers to this list.)
All GLONASS spacecraft are in the general COSMOS series. The COSMOS numbers
(nnnn) invoked by USSPACECOM have often differed from the numbers (NNNN)
associated in Russia; when different, the USSPACECOM COSMOS numbers are shown
in parentheses. The corresponding GLONASS numbers are Russian numbers, followed
by the numbers in parentheses that are sometimes attributed to them outside
4e operating frequencies in MHz are computed from the channel number K.
Frequencies (MHz) = 1602.0 + 0.5625K and L2 = 1246.0 + 0.4375K.
The standard format of the GLONASS situation appeared in SPX-545. It
will not be repeated in view of the excellent updated source at:
maintained by the Coordinational
Scientific Information Center (CSIC),Russian Space Forces.
The latest addition to the GLONASS fleet are Cosmos 2380, Cosmos 2381, and
- Visually bright objects.
A comprehensive list of visually bright
objects with their two-line orbital elements is available from USSPACECOM, via a
NASA site, http://oig1.gsfc.nasa.gov/files/visible.tle. The list, however,
does not include visual magnitudes, but are expected to be brighter than
- Actual decays/landings of payload spacecraft and rocket bodies (R/B)
only. No further information is available.
Designations Common Name Decay Date (2002) 1997-018B (24780) R/B Pegasus 20 May 1971-052A (05281) COSMOS 426 11 May 1966-026B (02129) R/B Thor Altair 10 May 2002-023B (27427) R/B(1) Proton-K 09 May 1995-045F (23661) R/B(Aux) Proton-K 08 May 2001-048A (26955) SOYUZ-TM 33 05 May
- 60-day Decay Predictions.
The USSPACECOM forecasts and maintains a
list of decays of orbiting objects expected in the next 60 days , with fair
accuracy. The list may be accessed through a NASA site,
- Select “OIG Main Page”.
- Select “Send Message to System administrator”, who will provide a login account.
- After getting an ID and a Password, click on “Registered User Login”.
(Step (2) is not needed after obtaining an account.)
- Select “Continue”.
- Select “General information”.
- Select “Reports”.
- Select “Sixty Day Decay…”.
Note: The login requirement is enforced due to the events on 11 September 2001.
- Miscellaneous Items. (This section contains information/data that
are entered on occasion and may not be repeated in each issue of the
- Related NSSDC resources.
NSSDC/WDC for Satellite Information is an archival center for science
data from many spacecraft. Many space physics datasets are on-line for
electronic access through:
For off-line data, please contact the Request Office, NSSDC, Code 633,
NASA GSFC, Greenbelt, Maryland 20771, U.S.A., for specific information
Information on the current status of the instruments on board from the
investigators will be most welcomed. Precomputed trajectory files
and orbital parameters of many magnetospheric and heliospheric science-payload
spacecraft may be obtained from:
Other files interest for Earth-centered spacecraft can be generated through the URL,
Programs related to the heliospheric spacecraft trajectories can be executed
through the URL,
Magnetospheric, Planetary, and Astronomical science data from many spacecraft
may be accessed through links from the URL: