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Small vs large dust grains in transitional disks: do different cavity sizes indicate a planet?

By SpaceRef Editor
November 21, 2013
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Small vs large dust grains in transitional disks: do different cavity sizes indicate a planet?

Transitional disks represent a short stage of the evolution of circumstellar material. Studies of dust grains in these objects can provide pivotal information on the mechanisms of planet formation. Dissimilarities in the spatial distribution of small (micron-size) and large (millimeter-size) dust grains have recently been pointed out.

Constraints on the small dust grains can be obtained by imaging the distribution of scattered light at near-infrared wavelengths. We aim at resolving structures in the surface layer of transitional disks (with particular emphasis on the inner 10 – 50 AU), thus increasing the scarce sample of high resolution images of these objects. We obtained VLT/NACO near-IR high-resolution polarimetric differential imaging observations of SAO 206462 (HD135344B). This technique allows one to image the polarized scattered light from the disk without any occulting mask and to reach an inner working angle of 0.1”.

A face-on disk is detected in H and Ks bands between 0.1” and 0.9”. No significant differences are seen between the H and Ks images. In addition to the spiral arms, these new data allow us to resolve for the first time an inner cavity for small dust grains. The cavity size (about 28 AU) is much smaller than what is inferred for large dust grains from (sub)mm observations (39 to 50 AU). The interaction between the disk and potential orbiting companion(s) can explain both the spiral arm structure and the discrepant cavity sizes for small and large dust grains. One planet may be carving out the gas (and, thus, the small grains) at 28 AU, and generating a pressure bump at larger radii (39 AU), which holds back the large grains. We analytically estimate that, in this scenario, a single giant planet (with a mass between 5 and 15 Jupiter masses) at 17 to 20 AU from the star is consistent with the observed cavity sizes.

Antonio Garufi, Sascha P Quanz, Henning Avenhaus, Esther Buenzli, Carsten Dominik, Farzana Meru, Michael R Meyer, Paola Pinilla, Hans Martin Schmid, Sebastian Wolf (Submitted on 17 Nov 2013)

Comments: 11 pages, 6 figures; accepted for publication in A&A

Subjects: Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP); Galaxy Astrophysics (astro-ph.GA); Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (astro-ph.SR)

Cite as: arXiv:1311.4195 [astro-ph.EP] (or arXiv:1311.4195v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)

Submission history From: Antonio Garufi [v1] Sun, 17 Nov 2013 18:21:04 GMT (2552kb) 

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