Status Report

Simulating the Smallest Ring World of Chariklo

By SpaceRef Editor
February 24, 2017
Filed under ,

Shugo Michikoshi, Eiichiro Kokubo
(Submitted on 21 Feb 2017)

A ring system consisting of two dense narrow rings has been discovered around Centaur Chariklo. The existence of these rings around a small object poses various questions, such as their origin, stability, and lifetime. In order to understand the nature of Chariklo’s rings, we perform global N-body simulations of the self-gravitating collisional particle rings for the first time. We find that Chariklo should be denser than the ring material to avoid the rapid diffusion of the rings. If Chariklo is denser than the ring material, fine spiral structures called self-gravity wakes occur in the inner ring. These wakes accelerate the viscous spreading of the ring significantly and they typically occur on timescales of about 100years for m-sized ring particles, which is considerably shorter than the timescales suggested in previous studies. The existence of these narrow rings implies smaller ring particles or the existence of shepherding satellites.

Comments:    13 pages, 5 figures, accepted for publication in ApJ Letters
Subjects:    Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP)
Cite as:    arXiv:1702.06356 [astro-ph.EP] (or arXiv:1702.06356v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)
Submission history
From: Shugo Michikoshi 
[v1] Tue, 21 Feb 2017 12:38:22 GMT (1682kb,D)

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