Status Report

Resolving Close Encounters: Stability in the HD 5319 and HD 7924 Planetary Systems

By SpaceRef Editor
August 10, 2016
Filed under , , ,

Stephen R. Kane
(Submitted on 8 Aug 2016)

Radial velocity searches for exoplanets have detected many multi-planet systems around nearby bright stars. An advantage of this technique is that it generally samples the orbit outside of inferior/superior conjunction, potentially allowing the Keplerian elements of eccentricity and argument of periastron to be well characterized. The orbital architectures for some of these systems show signs of close planetary encounters that may render the systems unstable as described. We provide an in-depth analysis of two such systems: HD 5319 and HD 7924, for which the scenario of coplanar orbits results in rapid destabilization of the systems. The poorly constrained periastron arguments of the outer planets in these systems further emphasizes the need for detailed investigations. An exhaustive scan of parameters space via dynamical simulations reveals specific mutual inclinations between the two outer planets in each system that allow for stable configurations over long timescales. We compare these configurations with those presented by mean-motion resonance as possible stability sources. Finally, we discuss the relevance to interpretation of multi-planet Keplerian orbits and suggest additional observations that will help to resolve the system stabilities.

Comments: 10 pages, 5 figures, 1 table, accepted for publication in the Astrophysical Journal
Subjects: Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP)
Cite as: arXiv:1608.02590 [astro-ph.EP] (or arXiv:1608.02590v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)
Submission history
From: Stephen Kane
[v1] Mon, 8 Aug 2016 20:00:04 GMT (778kb)

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