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On the environment surrounding close-in exoplanets

By SpaceRef Editor
March 20, 2015
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On the environment surrounding close-in exoplanets

A. A. Vidotto (Geneva), R. Fares (St Andrews/Catania), M. Jardine (St Andrews), C. Moutou (CFHT/Marseille), J.-F. Donati (Toulouse)

(Submitted on 19 Mar 2015)

Exoplanets in extremely close-in orbits are immersed in a local interplanetary medium (i.e., the stellar wind) much denser than the local conditions encountered around the solar system planets. The environment surrounding these exoplanets also differs in terms of dynamics (slower stellar winds, but higher Keplerian velocities) and ambient magnetic fields (likely higher for host stars more active than the Sun).

Here, we quantitatively investigate the nature of the interplanetary media surrounding the hot Jupiters HD46375b, HD73256b, HD102195b, HD130322b, HD179949b. We simulate the three-dimensional winds of their host stars, in which we directly incorporate their observed surface magnetic fields. With that, we derive mass-loss rates (1.9 to 8.0 ×10−13M?/yr) and the wind properties at the position of the hot-Jupiters’ orbits (temperature, velocity, magnetic field intensity and pressure). We show that these exoplanets’ orbits are super-magnetosonic, indicating that bow shocks are formed surrounding these planets. Assuming planetary magnetic fields similar to Jupiter’s, we estimate planetary magnetospheric sizes of 4.1 to 5.6 planetary radii. We also derive the exoplanetary radio emission released in the dissipation of the stellar wind energy.

We find radio fluxes ranging from 0.02 to 0.13 mJy, which are challenging to be observed with present-day technology, but could be detectable with future higher sensitivity arrays (e.g., SKA). Radio emission from systems having closer hot-Jupiters, such as from tau Boo b or HD189733b, or from nearby planetary systems orbiting young stars, are likely to have higher radio fluxes, presenting better prospects for detecting exoplanetary radio emission.

Comments:15 pages, 5 figures, accepted to MNRAS

Subjects:Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP); Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (astro-ph.SR)

Cite as:arXiv:1503.05711 [astro-ph.EP] (or arXiv:1503.05711v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)

Submission history

From: Aline Vidotto  

[v1] Thu, 19 Mar 2015 11:11:35 GMT (7817kb,D)

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