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Migration and Dynamical Relaxation in Crowded Systems of Giant Planets

By SpaceRef Editor
January 30, 2003
Filed under , ,

Astrophysics, abstract
astro-ph/0301561


From: Fred C. Adams <[email protected]>
Date: Tue, 28 Jan 2003 22:29:17 GMT (224kb)

Migration and Dynamical Relaxation in Crowded Systems of Giant Planets


Authors:
Fred C. Adams,
Greg Laughlin

Comments: 40 pages including 11 figures; accepted to ICARUS


This paper explores the intermediate-time dynamics of newly formed solar
systems with a focus on possible mechanisms for planetary migration. We
consider two limiting corners of the available parameter space — crowded
systems containing N=10 giant planets in the outer solar system, and solar
systems with N=2 planets that are tidally interacting with a circumstellar
disk. For a given set of initial conditions, dynamical relaxation leads to a
well-defined distribution of possible solar systems. For each class of initial
conditions, we perform large numbers of N-body simulations to obtain a
statistical description of the possible outcomes. For N=10 planet systems, we
consider several different planetary mass distributions; we also perform
secondary sets of simulations to explore chaotic behavior and longer term
dynamical evolution. For systems with 10 planets initially populating the
radial range 5 – 30 AU, these scattering processes naturally produce planetary
orbits with $asim1$ AU and the full range of possible eccentricity, but
shorter period orbits are difficult to achieve. To account for the observed
eccentric giant planets, we also explore a mechanism that combines dynamical
scattering and tidal interactions with a circumstellar disk. This combined
model naturally produces the observed range of semi-major axis and
eccentricity. We discuss the relative merits of the different migration
mechanisms for producing the observed eccentric giant planets.

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