Status Report

Measuring Fluxes of Meteor Showers with the NASA All-Sky Fireball Network

By SpaceRef Editor
April 21, 2020
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Steven Ehlert, Rhiannon Blaauw Erskine

We present an algorithm developed to measure the fluxes of major meteor showers as observed in NASA’s All-Sky Fireball Network cameras. Measurements of fluxes from the All-Sky cameras not only improve the Meteoroid Environment Office’s (MEO’s) ability to provide accurate risk assessments from major showers, but also allows the mass distribution of meteoroids within the shower to be constrained. This algorithm accounts for the shower-specific and event-specific exposure time and collecting area of the sky for nights where sufficiently large samples of shower meteors (∼30 or more from the shower) are observed. The fluxes derived from the All-Sky Fireball Network for the 2015 Geminid, 2016 Perseid and Quadrantid, 2017 Orionid, and 2018 Leonid shower peaks are calculated. All five of these shower fluxes show excellent agreement with expectations from independent measurements at different mass and luminosity limits. For four of these five showers, the measured mass indices are significantly shallower than what is currently assumed by the NASA Meteoroid Environment Office’s (MEO’s) annual meteor shower forecast. A direct comparison between forecasted and measured fluxes at limiting masses of ∼1g shows good agreement for the three showers for which the observations took place near their peak activity.

Comments: 18 pages, 9 Figures, 2 Tables. Accepted in Planetary and Space Science, Meteoroids 2019 Conference Proceedings Special Issue

Subjects: Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP); Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (astro-ph.IM)

Cite as: arXiv:2004.07951 [astro-ph.EP] (or arXiv:2004.07951v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)

Submission history

From: Steven Ehlert 

[v1] Thu, 16 Apr 2020 20:49:50 UTC (1,969 KB)

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