Status Report

Mars Picture of the Day: Mars 2003

By SpaceRef Editor
June 25, 2003
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Mars Global Surveyor Mars Orbiter Camera

MGS MOC Release No. MOC2-402, 25 June 2003

NASA/JPL/Malin Space Science Systems

The Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) Mars Orbiter Camera (MOC) experiment
consists of 3 different cameras: a narrow angle imager that provides
the black-and-white high resolution views (up to 1.4 meters per pixel)
of Mars, and 2 wide angle cameras, observing in red and blue wavelengths,
from which color views of the entire planet are assembled each day. The
wide angle cameras provide a daily record of changes in martian weather
and surface frost as the seasons progress. MGS MOC has obtained a
record of martian weather spanning a little over 2 martian years since
it began systematic observations in March 1999.

The view of Mars shown
here was assembled from MOC daily global images obtained on May 12, 2003.
At that time, the northern hemisphere was in early autumn, and the
southern hemisphere in early spring. At the left/center of this view
are the four large Tharsis volcanoes: Olympus Mons, Ascraeus Mons,
Pavonis Mons, and Arsia Mons. Stretching across the center of the
globe is the ~5,000 kilometers (~3,000 miles) long Valles Marineris
trough system. The seasonal south polar carbon dioxide frost cap is
visible at the bottom of this view. A dust storm sweeps across the
plains of northern Acidalia at the upper right. North is up, east
is right, sunlight illuminates the planet from the left.

Malin Space Science Systems and the California Institute of Technology
built the MOC using spare hardware from the Mars Observer mission.
MSSS operates the camera from its facilities in San Diego, California.
The Jet Propulsion Laboratory’s Mars Surveyor Operations Project
operates the Mars Global Surveyor spacecraft with its industrial
partner, Lockheed Martin Astronautics, from facilities in Pasadena,
California and Denver, Colorado.

SpaceRef staff editor.