- Press Release
- August 17, 2022
Magnetohydrodynamic Simulations of Hot Jupiter Upper Atmospheres
George B. Trammell, Zhi-Yun Li, Phil Arras
(Submitted on 23 Apr 2014)
Two-dimensional simulations of hot Jupiter upper atmospheres including the planet’s magnetic field are presented. The goal is to explore magnetic effects on the layer of the atmosphere that is ionized and heated by stellar EUV radiation, and the imprint of these effects on the Ly transmission spectrum. The simulations are axisymmetric, isothermal, and include both rotation and azimuth-averaged stellar tides. Mass density is converted to atomic hydrogen density through the assumption of ionization equilibrium. The three-zone structure — polar dead zone, mid-latitude wind zone, and equatorial dead zone — found in previous analytic calculations is confirmed.
For a magnetic field comparable to that of Jupiter, the equatorial dead zone, which is confined by the magnetic field and corotates with the planet, contributes at least half of the transit signal. For even stronger fields, the gas escaping in the mid-latitude wind zone is found to have a smaller contribution to the transit depth than the equatorial dead zone. Transmission spectra computed from the simulations are compared to HST STIS and ACS data for HD 209458b and HD 189733b, and the range of model parameters consistent with the data is found.
The central result of this paper is that the transit depth increases strongly with magnetic field strength when the hydrogen ionization layer is magnetically dominated, for dipole magnetic field B0>10 G. Hence transit depth is sensitive to magnetic field strength, in addition to standard quantities such as the ratio of thermal to gravitational binding energies.
accepted at ApJ
Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP)
arXiv:1404.5817 [astro-ph.EP] (or arXiv:1404.5817v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)
From: Phil Arras
[v1] Wed, 23 Apr 2014 13:21:05 GMT (1124kb)