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Low temperature optical properties of interstellar and circumstellar icy silicate grain analogues in the mid-infrared spectral region

By SpaceRef Editor
March 16, 2018
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Alexey Potapov, Harald Mutschke, Phillip Seeber, Thomas Henning, Cornelia Jäger
(Submitted on 15 Mar 2018)

Two different silicate/water ice mixtures representing laboratory analogues of interstellar and circumstellar icy grains were produced in the laboratory. For the first time, optical constants, the real and imaginary parts of the complex refractive index, of such silicate/water ice mixtures were experimentally determined in the mid-infrared spectral region at low temperatures. In addition, optical constants of pure water ice and pure silicates were derived in the laboratory. Two sets of constants were compared, namely, measured constants calculated from the transmission spectra of silicate/water ice samples and effective constants calculated from the optical constants of pure silicates and pure water ice samples using different mixing rules (effective medium approaches). Differences between measured and effective constants show that a mixing (averaging) of optical constants of water ice and silicates for the determination of the optical properties of silicate/ice mixtures can lead to incorrect results. Also, it is shown that a part of water ice molecules is trapped in/on silicate grains and does not desorb up to 200 K. Our unique data are just in time with respect to the new challenging space mission, James Webb Space Telescope, which will be able to bring novel detailed information on interstellar and circumstellar grains, and suitable laboratory data are extremely important for the decoding of astronomical spectra.

Comments:    submitted to ApJ
Subjects:    Astrophysics of Galaxies (astro-ph.GA); Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (astro-ph.IM)
Cite as:    arXiv:1803.05810 [astro-ph.GA] (or arXiv:1803.05810v1 [astro-ph.GA] for this version)
Submission history
From: Alexey Potapov
[v1] Thu, 15 Mar 2018 15:33:22 GMT (714kb)


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