Status Report

Limits on Stellar Companions to Exoplanet Host Stars With Eccentric Planets

By SpaceRef Editor
January 9, 2014
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Though there are now many hundreds of confirmed exoplanets known, the binarity of exoplanet host stars is not well understood. 

This is particularly true of host stars which harbor a giant planet in a highly eccentric orbit since these are more likely to have had a dramatic dynamical history which transferred angular momentum to the planet. Here we present observations of four exoplanet host stars which utilize the excellent resolving power of the Differential Speckle Survey Instrument (DSSI) on the Gemini North telescope. Two of the stars are giants and two are dwarfs. Each star is host to a giant planet with an orbital eccentricity > 0.5 and whose radial velocity data contain a trend in the residuals to the Keplerian orbit fit. These observations rule out stellar companions 4-8 magnitudes fainter than the host star at passbands of 692nm and 880nm. 

The resolution and field-of-view of the instrument result in exclusion radii of 0.05-1.4 arcsecs which excludes stellar companions within several AU of the host star in most cases. We further provide new radial velocities for the HD 4203 system which confirm that the linear trend previously observed in the residuals is due to an additional planet. These results place dynamical constraints on the source of the planet’s eccentricities, constraints on additional planetary companions, and informs the known distribution of multiplicity amongst exoplanet host stars.

Stephen R. Kane, Steve B. Howell, Elliott P. Horch, Ying Feng, Natalie R. Hinkel, David R. Ciardi, Mark E. Everett, Andrew W. Howard, Jason T. Wright (Submitted on 7 Jan 2014)

Comments: 10 pages, 7 figures, 2 tables, submitted to ApJ

Subjects: Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP)

Cite as: arXiv:1401.1544 [astro-ph.EP] (or arXiv:1401.1544v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)

Submission history From: Stephen Kane  [v1] Tue, 7 Jan 2014 23:43:42 GMT (818kb)

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