Status Report

Joint USAF/NOAA Report of Solar and Geophysical Activity 20 Sep 2003

By SpaceRef Editor
September 20, 2003
Filed under , ,

SDF Number 263 Issued at 2200Z on 20 Sep 2003

IA. Analysis of Solar Active Regions and Activity from 19/2100Z
to 20/2100Z: Solar activity was low during the past 24 hours.
Today’s largest event was a C3.6 at 1536 UTC. There was only limited
image data for this event, but it appears to have originated from
newly assigned Region 464 (N05E77) which rotated into view today.
Region 464 is a relatively large (360 millionths) E-type sunspot
group and displayed frequent surge activity during the past 24
hours. Region 461 (N13W89), now crossing the west limb, produced the
second largest event of the day, a C3 at 0512 UTC. Region 459
(S11W40) showed slow growth and occasional brightenings but was
otherwise stable. LASCO images show a coronal mass ejection (CME)
off the west limb, beginning at 0430 UTC. The CME does not appear to
have any earthward component.

IB. Solar Activity Forecast: Solar activity is expected to be low
for the next three days. Regions 464 and 459 are the most likely
sources for activity. There is a slight chance for an isolated
M-class flare.

IIA. Geophysical Activity Summary 19/2100Z to 20/2100Z:
The geomagnetic field was at unsettled to minor storm levels with an
isolated major storm period at some locations between 0300-0600 UTC.
Geomagnetic conditions were initially unsettled from 20/2100-21/0000
UTC, but became more disturbed after 0000 UTC and remained so for
the remainder of the day, with active conditions predominating. The
solar wind signatures show the continued presence of a high speed
coronal hole stream. In particular, the solar wind speed showed an
increase around 0000 UTC up to about 700 km/s. The signature is
consistent with the transition of the solar wind source from an
isolated coronal hole in the western hemisphere to a southern polar
extension coronal hole that crossed central meridian on 18
September. The greater than 2 MeV electron fluxes reached high
levels during the past 24 hours.

IIB. Geophysical Activity Forecast: The geomagnetic field is
expected to be mostly active for the next 24 hours as the current
coronal-hole driven disturbance continues. A slight decline to
predominantly unsettled to active is expected for the second and
third days. There is a fair chance for some isolated storm periods
over the next three days.

III. Event Probabilities 21 Sep-23 Sep

  • Class M 20/20/20
  • Class X 01/01/01
  • Proton 01/01/01
  • PCAF green

IV. Penticton 10.7 cm Flux

  • bserved 20 Sep 112
  • Predicted 21 Sep-23 Sep 112/115/115
  • 90 Day Mean 20 Sep 120

V. Geomagnetic A Indices

  • Observed Afr/Ap 19 Sep 026/032
  • Estimated Afr/Ap 20 Sep 025/025
  • Predicted Afr/Ap 21 Sep-23 Sep 020/025-015/020-015/020

VI. Geomagnetic Activity Probabilities 21 Sep-23 Sep

A. Middle Latitudes

  • Active 40/45/45
  • Minor storm 25/20/20
  • Major-severe storm 10/05/05

B. High Latitudes

  • Active 25/30/30
  • Minor storm 35/25/25
  • Major-severe storm 20/15/10

SpaceRef staff editor.