Status Report

Joint USAF/NOAA Report of Solar and Geophysical Activity 15 May 2003

By SpaceRef Editor
May 15, 2003
Filed under , ,
Joint USAF/NOAA Report of Solar and Geophysical Activity 15 May 2003

SDF Number 135 Issued at 2200Z on 15 May 2003

IA. Analysis of Solar Active Regions and Activity from 14/2100Z
to 15/2100Z: Solar activity has been low. Two new regions were
numbered today: Region 361 (N09E39) and Region 362 (S10E77).

IB. Solar Activity Forecast: Solar activity is expected to be very
low, with possible increase in activity over the next few days due
to active regions emerging from the east limb. New region 362 may
produce isolated flare activity.

IIA. Geophysical Activity Summary 14/2100Z to 15/2100Z:
The geomagnetic field has been at unsettled to minor storm levels due
to a high speed solar wind stream from a favorably positioned
coronal hole. The greater than 2 MeV electron flux at
geosynchronous orbit reached high levels today.

IIB. Geophysical Activity Forecast: The geomagnetic field is
expected to be at unsettled to active levels for the next three
days. Solar wind speeds should continue to reduce over the next few
days, and may cause isolated minor storm levels on day one.

III. Event Probabilities 16 May-18 May

  • Class M 10/15/20
  • Class X 01/01/01
  • Proton 01/01/01
  • PCAF green

IV. Penticton 10.7 cm Flux

  • Observed 15 May 099
  • Predicted 16 May-18 May 105/110/120
  • 90 Day Mean 15 May 123

V. Geomagnetic A Indices

  • Observed Afr/Ap 14 May 017/027
  • Estimated Afr/Ap 15 May 015/022
  • Predicted Afr/Ap 16 May-18 May 010/015-010/015-015/015

VI. Geomagnetic Activity Probabilities 16 May-18 May

A. Middle Latitudes

  • Active 25/25/25
  • Minor storm 15/10/10
  • Major-severe storm 05/01/01

B. High Latitudes

  • Active 35/35/35
  • Minor storm 15/15/15
  • Major-severe storm 05/05/05

VII. Comments

The GOES 10 energetic proton detectors are showing intermittent, high noise levels in the higher energy proton channels (greater than about 80 MeV). This problem was first noticed in data taken April 26, 2003. To ensure continued operational monitoring of important energetic particle data, it is necessary to reassign primary/secondary designations for the GOES Space Environment Monitor (SEM) detectors. As of 1500 UT on May 15, GOES-8 became the primary satellite for protons. GOES 12 will be the primary satellite for magnetometer, X-ray, and electron measurements. GOES 10 will be the secondary satellite for all SEM sensors – magnetometer, X-ray sensor, and energetic particle sensor. This short-term solution (approximately 2 – 3 months) will be in place until we define and implement a permanent fix. A more detailed explanation can be found at:

SpaceRef staff editor.