Status Report

ISS Science Status Report 19 Oct 2001

By SpaceRef Editor
October 19, 2001
Filed under , ,

The Experiment on Physics of Colloids in Space (EXPPCS) wrapped up a
96-hour run over the weekend and went immediately into a 12-hour run on Monday,
October 15.† It conducted a 24-hour run on Tuesday, October 16, remixing the
colloid-polymer gel sample to study the gelation process with a low-angle dynamic
light scattering process and continuing to measure the colloidal glass sample.†
The payload team conducted additional 12-hour runs on Wednesday and Thursday,
with another planned for Saturday, October 20, continuing to focus mainly on
the colloidal-polymer gel sample with some occasional measurements taken on
the colloidal glass sample.† Colloids are found in many everyday products on
Earth and used in many other manufacturing processes ranging from polishing
computer chips to removing bitter tastes from fruit juice.† This basic research,
developed by Harvard University and managed by NASA’s Glenn Research Center,
could contribute to the engineering of new materials.

Before both spacewalks, cosmonauts Vladimir Dezhurov and Mikhail Turin and
astronaut Frank Culbertson tested themselves as part of the Pulmonary Function
in Flight
(PuFF) experiment.† The two Russian spacewalkers also tested themselves
after their spacewalks.† Culbertson tests himself monthly to obtain baseline
measurements for the crew.† Crew members are scheduled to conduct the PuFF tests
again before and after a planned November 5, spacewalk by Dezhurov and Culbertson.†
Scientists at the University of California, San Diego, are looking for any changes
in lung anatomy or performance caused by spacewalking or the microgravity environment
aboard the Space Station.

The Station’s vibration measuring experiments, the Space Acceleration Measurement
and the Microgravity Acceleration Measurement System ñ also
managed by the Glenn field center -, recorded during a pair of Russian

spacewalks on October 8 and October 15 and are expected to record data during
today’s (October 19) planned Soyuz spacecraft relocation activities. Scientists
use this kind of information to understand the performance of experiments requiring
a quiet microgravity environment.

Following a camera changeout by Culbertson, the Earth Knowledge Acquired
by Middle school students
(EarthKAM) program completed its Expedition Three
observations this week, and the camera was deactivated.† The electronic camera
captured and sent back more than 650 images during Expedition Three.† Approximately
2,000 students from 19 schools around the world participated in this program,
developed by the University of California, San Diego.

The Active Rack Isolation System ISS Characterization Experiment completed
a pair of isolation tests on Tuesday and collected vibration data when EXPPCS
was powered up.† A valve opens and closes when the experiment is powered up
and down.† This research, developed by The Boeing Company, is aimed at perfecting
a vibration dampening system to protect delicate microgravity experiments from
disturbances caused by crew activities or motors, valves and other machinery.

Among the targets uplinked to the station for the Crew Earth Observations
photography program this week were: Chilean glaciers, Europe’s Mediterranean
basin, the Parana River in Argentina, fault lines in Ethiopia, development in
the Tigris-Euphrates Rivers area of Turkey, smog along the Appalachians in the
United States, changes in the Ganges River delta in India, vegetation on the
Somalia coast, land use around Alexandria, Egypt.† Used in many environmental
and other scientific studies, this long running research is managed by NASA’s
Johnson Space Center.

On a task list of optional items for the crew if their schedule permits this
week are the Interactions survey, Crew Earth Observations and Dreamtime high
definition TV videography.

The crew continues normal maintenance and status checks on payloads to make
sure they are operating normally.† Other experiments onboard continue to operate
normally, including the Advanced Protein Crystalization Facility, the
Materials International Space Station Experiment, Cellular Biotechnology
Operations Support System
, Dynamically Controlled Protein Crystal Growth,
and Bonner Ball Neutron Detector.

SpaceRef staff editor.