Status Report

Do cement nanoparticles exist in space ?

By SpaceRef Editor
April 30, 2014
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Do cement nanoparticles exist in space ?

G. Bilalbegovic, A. Maksimovic, V. Mohacek-Grosev

(Submitted on 29 Apr 2014)

The calcium-silicate-hydrate is used to model properties of cement on Earth. We study cementitious nanoparticles and propose these structures as components of cosmic dust grains. Quantum density functional theory methods are applied for the calculation of infrared spectra of Ca4Si4O14H4, Ca6Si3O13H2, and Ca12Si6O26H4 clusters. We find bands distributed over the near, mid and far-infrared region. A specific calcium-silicate-hydrate spectral feature at 14 microns, together with the bands at 10 and 18 microns which exist for other silicates as well, could be used for a detection of cosmic cement. We compare calculated bands with the 14 microns features in the spectra of HD 45677, HD 44179, and IRC+10420 which were observed by Infrared Space Observatory and classified as remaining. High abundance of oxygen atoms in cementitious nanoparticles could partially explain observed depletion of this element from the interstellar medium into dust grains.


accepted for publication in MNRAS


Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (astro-ph.SR); Astrophysics of Galaxies (astro-ph.GA); Materials Science (cond-mat.mtrl-sci); Atomic and Molecular Clusters (physics.atm-clus)

Cite as:

arXiv:1404.7392 [astro-ph.SR] (or arXiv:1404.7392v1 [astro-ph.SR] for this version)

Submission history

From: Goranka Bilalbegovic

[v1] Tue, 29 Apr 2014 15:10:48 GMT (185kb)


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