Status Report

Discovery and Dynamical Analysis of an Extreme Trans-Neptunian Object with a High Orbital Inclination

By SpaceRef Editor
May 16, 2018
Filed under , ,

J. C. Becker, T. Khain, S. J. Hamilton, F. Adams, D. W. Gerdes, L. Zullo, K. Franson, S. Millholland, G. M. Bernstein, M. Sako, P. Bernardinelli, K. Napier, L. Markwardt, Hsing Wen Lin, W. Wester, F. B. Abdalla, S. Allam, J. Annis, S. Avila, E. Bertin, D. Brooks, A. Carnero Rosell, M. Carrasco Kind, J. Carretero, C. E. Cunha, C. B. D’Andrea, L. N. da Costa, C. Davis, J. De Vicente, H. T. Diehl, P. Doel, T. F. Eifler, B. Flaugher, P. Fosalba, J. Frieman, J. Garcia-Bellido, E. Gaztanaga, D. Gruen, R. A. Gruendl, J. Gschwend, G. Gutierrez, W. G. Hartley, D. L. Hollowood, K. Honscheid, D. J. James, K. Kuehn, N. Kuropatkin, M. A. G. Maia, M. March, J. L. Marshall, F. Menanteau, R. Miquel, R. L. C. Ogando, A. A. Plazas, E. Sanchez, V. Scarpine, R. Schindler, I. Sevilla-Noarbe, M. Smith, R. C. Smith, et al. (5 additional authors not shown)
(Submitted on 14 May 2018)

We report the discovery and dynamical analysis of 2015 BP$_{519}$, an extreme Trans-Neptunian Object detected detected by the Dark Energy Survey at a heliocentric distance of 55 AU and absolute magnitude Hr= 4.3. The current orbit, determined from a 1110-day observational arc, has semi-major axis $a\approx$ 450 AU, eccentricity $e\approx$ 0.92 and inclination $i\approx$ 54 degrees. With these orbital elements, 2015 BP$_{519}$ is the most extreme TNO discovered to date, as quantified by the reduced Kozai action, which is is a conserved quantity at fixed semi-major axis $a$ for axisymmetric perturbations. We discuss the orbital stability and evolution of this object in the context of the known Solar System, and find that 2015 BP$_{519}$ displays rich dynamical behavior, including rapid diffusion in semi-major axis and more constrained variations in eccentricity and inclination. We also consider the long term orbital stability and evolutionary behavior within the context of the Planet Nine Hypothesis, and find that BP$_{519}$ adds to the circumstantial evidence for the existence of this proposed new member of the Solar System, as it would represent the first member of the population of high-i, $\varpi$-shepherded TNOs.

Comments:    submitted to AJ; observations available on MPC
Subjects:    Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP)
Cite as:    arXiv:1805.05355 [astro-ph.EP] (or arXiv:1805.05355v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)
Submission history
From: Juliette Becker
[v1] Mon, 14 May 2018 18:01:02 GMT (13335kb,D)

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