Status Report

Analytical framework for space debris collision avoidance maneuver design

By SpaceRef Editor
December 24, 2020
Filed under , ,

Juan Luis Gonzalo, Camilla Colombo, Pierluigi Di Lizia (Politecnico di Milano, Italy)

An analytical formulation for collision avoidance maneuvers involving a spacecraft and a space debris is presented, including solutions for the maximum deviation and minimum collision probability cases. Gauss’ planetary equations and relative motion equations are used to map maneuvers at a given time to displacements at the predicted close approach. The model is then extended to map changes in state between two times, allowing one to propagate covariance matrices. The analytical formulation reduces the optimization problem to an eigenproblem, both for maximum deviation and minimum collision probability. Two maximum deviation cases, total deviation and impact parameter, are compared for a large set of spacecraft-debris conjunction geometries derived from European Space Agency’s Meteoroid and Space Debris Terrestrial Environment Reference (MASTER-2009) model. Moreover, the maximum impact parameter and minimum collision probability maneuvers are compared assuming covariances known at the maneuver time, to evaluate the net effect of lead time in collision probability. In all cases, solutions are analyzed in the b-plane to leverage its natural separation of phasing and geometry change effects. Both uncertainties and maximum deviation grow along the time axis for long lead times, limiting the reduction in collision probability.

Comments: 44 pages, 24 figures. Author’s accepted manuscript for a paper published in Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics

Subjects: Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (astro-ph.IM); Optimization and Control (math.OC)

Journal reference: Journal of Guidance, Control, and Dynamics, Article in Advance (2020) pp 1-19

DOI: 10.2514/1.G005398

Cite as: arXiv:2012.12651 [astro-ph.IM] (or arXiv:2012.12651v1 [astro-ph.IM] for this version)

Submission history

From: Juan Luis Gonzalo 

[v1] Wed, 23 Dec 2020 13:37:59 UTC (5,440 KB)

SpaceRef staff editor.