Status Report

AIP FYI #27: Encouraging Words from Senate NSF Appropriators

By SpaceRef Editor
March 2, 2005
Filed under ,

“We have fallen off the path for doubling NSF’s budget, but we must
not give up.”
– Senate VA, HUD, and Independent Agencies Appropriations
Subcommittee Chairman Christopher Bond

The hearing only lasted about one hour, but that was more than
enough time for the two key senators with jurisdiction over the
National Science Foundation to voice their strong support for the
agency. Both VA, HUD, and Independent Agencies Appropriations
Subcommittee Chairman Christopher “Kit” Bond (R-MO) and Ranking
Minority Member Barbara Mikulski (D-MD) made very positive
statements about NSF at the February 17 hearing on its budget

Chairman Bond’s words left no doubt about his high regard for the
foundation, and his support for physical sciences: “As many of you
know, I have been, and will continue to be a strong supporter of NSF
and a robust budget for NSF as well. My support for the work done
at NSF has not, and will not diminish.” He continued,
“Unfortunately, the Federal government has not adequately supported
NSF and the physical sciences. I strongly believe that the funding
disparity between the life sciences and the physical sciences has
grown too large. This funding imbalance is alarming because it
directly jeopardizes our Nation’s ability to lead the world in
scientific innovation. Further, we are jeopardizing the work of the
National Institutes of Health because we are undermining the
physical sciences, which provide the underpinning for medical
technological advances.”

Under the Bush Administration’s request, NSF funding would increase
2.4% in FY 2006 over the current year. Bond voiced his disapproval:
“Sadly, the budget request for NSF does not provide it with adequate
resources to meet its mission. While Dr. Marburger [who was a
witness at this hearing] and our friends at OMB will state that
NSF’s budget is one of the few increases in the federal budget, it
does not give me any solace. This is especially disappointing given
the efforts of myself, Senator Mikulski, and many of my other
colleagues to double the funding of NSF. We have fallen off the
path for doubling NSF’s budget, but we must not give up.”

Mikulski was as critical: “This barely keeps pace with inflation.
Most disturbing is the cut to education programs. This budget
actually cuts education programs by 12%. Research is increased by
just over 2% – which barely keeps pace with inflation. Yet,
salaries and expenses rise by 22%, and major equipment goes up by
44%. I do not doubt the value, need or resources devoted to major
equipment. But when every other part of the NSF budget is starved
for resources, a huge increase like that stands out.” Mikulski,
whose sentiments on NSF funding align closely with those of Bond,
also cited their mutual effort to double the foundation’s budget.
She stated, “Senator Bond and I are committed to doubling the NSF
budget over five years. We have increased NSF’s budget by an
average of 10% over the President’s budget for the last several
years. But this Administration has broken its promise to NSF. In
2002, the President signed the NSF Authorization into law. It
authorized a doubling of the NSF budget between 2002 and 2007. In
2006, NSF is authorized to be funded at $8.5 billion. Yet the
President’s 2006 budget funds NSF at $5.6 billion – 34% below where
it should be.”

NSF Director Arden Bement explained the Administration’s request for
NSF as follows: “In light of the tight fiscal times, NSF fared
relatively well. For the coming fiscal year, NSF requests $5.6
billion, an increase of $132 million, or 2.4%, over last year’s
appropriated level. At a time when many agencies are looking at
budget cuts, an increase in our budget underscores the
Administration’s support of NSF’s science and engineering programs,
and reflects the agency’s excellent management and program
results.” Bement’s words were reinforced by National Science Board
Chairman Warren Washington who also testified at this hearing, who
stated that the requested increase was “a significant investment in
NSF programs in a time of National fiscal austerity.”

OSTP Director Marburger’s written testimony briefly described the
Administration’s rationale behind the requested increase for NSF,
but did not address the type of concerns which Chairman Bond made in
his written remarks. Marburger did say, speaking about the R&D
request in general that “Making choices is difficult even when
budgets are generous. But tight budgets have the virtue of focusing
on priorities and strengthening program management. This year’s R&D
budget proposal maintains levels of funding that allow America to
maintain its leadership position in science and move ahead in
selected priority areas.”

Bond and Mikulski’s statements reinforced their opening written
remarks. Bond’s inflections matched his words when he told the
Administration’s witnesses that “I am unhappy,” and looking straight
at Marburger, the chairman said of his efforts to significantly
boost NSF funding, “I can’t do it if OMB undercuts us.” Bond was
also unhappy with House appropriators, who have reshuffled
subcommittee jurisdictions that are now out of alignment with those
in the Senate. Bond called the House’s actions “hasty and
ill-advised,” saying that it will force an Omnibus appropriations
bill late this year. Under such a scenario, Bond predicted, basic
research will be cut, as it was in the last omnibus. In any case,
Bond said, it will be a “major challenge to find funds for NSF in

Bond was also unhappy with the proposed “disturbing” cuts in NSF’s
education programs ( ), asking
what the Administration could have been thinking. He contended that
this would damage efforts to attract minority students into science,
and said the United States could not continue to rely on foreign
students. Mikulski later had similar comments. Also noted by Bond
was his unhappiness with NSF’s management of large facilities,
calling its reform efforts too slow (later saying that the
foundation’s lagging pace “drives us nuts,” and adding that the
subcommittee “will hold the foundation accountable.”) Bond also
told NSB Chairman Washington that the Board needed to develop a
strategic plan for the foundation.

Chairman Bond also had words for the research community. Describing
efforts to double the foundation’s budget as one of the nation’s
“highest priorities,” he said, “This must mean a greater effort by
the research and high-tech sector in advocating and ‘selling’ the
virtues of NSF to the general public.” To do this he added, “come
out of your labs, out of your think tanks, and let people know how
important this funding is.”

Richard M. Jones

Media and Government Relations Division

The American Institute of Physics

(301) 209-3094

SpaceRef staff editor.