Status Report

Accurate Enthalpies of Formation of Astromolecules: Energy, Stability and Abundance

By SpaceRef Editor
October 3, 2016
Filed under , ,

Emmanuel E. Etim, Elangannan Arunan
(Submitted on 30 Sep 2016)

Accurate enthalpies of formation are reported for known and potential astromolecules using high level ab initio quantum chemical calculations. A total of 130 molecules comprising of 31 isomeric groups and 24 cyanide/isocyanide pairs with atoms ranging from 3 to 12 have been considered. The results show an interesting, surprisingly not well explored, relationship between energy, stability and abundance (ESA) existing among these molecules. Among the isomeric species, isomers with lower enthalpies of formation are more easily observed in the interstellar medium compared to their counterparts with higher enthalpies of formation. Available data in literature confirm the high abundance of the most stable isomer over other isomers in the different groups considered. Potential for interstellar hydrogen bonding accounts for the few exceptions observed.

Thus, in general, it suffices to say that the interstellar abundances of related species are directly proportional to their stabilities. The immediate consequences of this relationship in addressing some of the whys and wherefores among astromolecules and in predicting some possible candidates for future astronomical observations are discussed. Our comprehensive results on 130 molecules indicate that the available experimental enthalpy of formation for some molecules, such as NaCN, may be less reliable and new measurements may be needed.

Comments: 40 pages, 11 Tables and 12 Figures
Subjects: Astrophysics of Galaxies (astro-ph.GA); Chemical Physics (physics.chem-ph)
Cite as: arXiv:1609.09589 [astro-ph.GA] (or arXiv:1609.09589v1 [astro-ph.GA] for this version)
Submission history
From: Emmanuel Etim [view email]
[v1] Fri, 30 Sep 2016 04:46:53 GMT (827kb) 

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