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A survey of C2H, HCN, and C18O in protoplanetary disks

By SpaceRef Editor
April 23, 2019
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Jennifer B. Bergner, Karin I. Oberg, Edwin A. Bergin, Ryan A. Loomis, Jamila Pegues, Chunhua Qi

(Submitted on 19 Apr 2019)

Molecular lines observed towards protoplanetary disks carry information about physical and chemical processes associated with planet formation. We present ALMA Band 6 observations of C2H, HCN, and C18O in a sample of 14 disks spanning a range of ages, stellar luminosities, and stellar masses. Using C2H and HCN hyperfine structure fitting and HCN/H13CN isotopologue analysis, we extract optical depth, excitation temperature, and column density radial profiles for a subset of disks. C2H is marginally optically thick (\tau ~1-5) and HCN is quite optically thick (\tau ~ 5-10) in the inner 200 AU. The extracted temperatures of both molecules are low (10-30K), indicative of either sub-thermal emission from the warm disk atmosphere or substantial beam dilution due to chemical substructure. We explore the origins of C2H morphological diversity in our sample using a series of toy disk models, and find that disk-dependent overlap between regions with high UV fluxes and high atomic carbon abundances can explain a wide range of C2H emission features (e.g. compact vs. extended and ringed vs. ringless emission). We explore the chemical relationship between C2H, HCN, and C18O and find a positive correlation between C2H and HCN fluxes, but no relationship between C2H or HCN with C18O fluxes. We also see no evidence that C2H and HCN are enhanced with disk age. C2H and HCN seem to share a common driver, however more work remains to elucidate the chemical relationship between these molecules and the underlying evolution of C, N, and O chemistries in disks.

Comments: Accepted to ApJ

Subjects: Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP)

Cite as: arXiv:1904.09315 [astro-ph.EP] (or arXiv:1904.09315v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)

Submission history

From: Jennifer Bergner  

[v1] Fri, 19 Apr 2019 18:55:59 UTC (3,924 KB)

Astrobiology, Astrochemistry

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