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A Mass for the Extrasolar Planet Gl 876b Determined from Hubble Space Telescope Fine Guidance Sensor 3 Astrometry and High-Precision Radial Velocities

By SpaceRef Editor
January 4, 2003
Filed under , ,

Astrophysics, abstract
astro-ph/0212101


From: G. Fritz Benedict <[email protected]>
Date: Wed, 4 Dec 2002 15:08:17 GMT (300kb)

A Mass for the Extrasolar Planet Gl 876b Determined from Hubble Space Telescope Fine Guidance Sensor 3 Astrometry and High-Precision Radial Velocities


Authors:
G. F. Benedict,
B. E. McArthur,
T. Forveille,
X. Delfosse,
E. Nelan,
R. P. Butler,
W. Spiesman,
G. Marcy,
B. Goldman,
C. Perrier,
W. H. Jefferys,
M. Mayor

Comments: to appear in ApJ Letters, 20 December 2002


We report the first astrometrically determined mass of an extrasolar planet,
a companion previously detected by Doppler spectroscopy. Radial velocities
first provided an ephemeris with which to schedule a significant fraction of
the {it HST} observations near companion peri- and apastron. The astrometry
residuals at these orbital phases exhibit a systematic deviation consistent
with a perturbation due to a planetary mass companion. Combining {it HST}
astrometry with radial velocities, we solve for the proper motion, parallax,
perturbation size, inclination, and position angle of the line of nodes, while
constraining period, velocity amplitude, longitude of periastron, and
eccentricity to values determined from radial velocities. We find a
perturbation semi-major axis and inclination, $alpha$ = 0.25 $pm$ 0.06 mas,
$i$ = 84arcdeg $pm$6arcdeg, and Gl 876 absolute parallax, $pi_{abs}= 214.6
pm$ 0.2 mas. Assuming that the mass of the primary star is $M_* =
0.32M_{sun}$, we find the mass of the planet, Gl 876b, $M_b =
1.89pm0.34M_{Jup}$.

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