- Press Release
- Sep 28, 2022
ULA Launch of the Air Force’s GPS IIF-5 Progressing
According to the latest United Launch Alliance (ULS) update sent out this morning, everything is progressing towards a February 20th launch for the Air Force’s GPS IIF-5 satellite. The launch window opens at 8:40 p.m. EST (0140 UTC) and will last for 19 minutes.
The launch will be on a ULA Delta IV rocket from Space Launch Complex 37 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida. Today’s forecast shows an 80 percent chance of favorable weather conditions for launch.
The Navstar GPS is a constellation of satellites that provides navigation data to military and civilian users worldwide. The system is operated and controlled by the 50th Space Wing, located at Schriever Air Force Base, CO.
GPS utilizes 24 satellites, in six different planes, with a minimum of four satellites per plane, positioned in orbit approximately 11,000 miles above the Earth’s surface. The satellites continuously transmit digital radio signals pertaining to the exact time (using atomic clocks) and exact location of the satellites. The GPS IIF series have a design life of 12 years. With the proper equipment, users can receive these signals to calculate time, location, and velocity. The signals are so accurate that time can be measured to within a millionth of a second, velocity within a fraction of a mile per hour, and location to within feet. Receivers have been developed for use in aircraft, ships, land vehicles, and to hand carry.
As a result of increased civil and commercial use as well as experience in military operations, the USAF has added the following capabilities and technologies to the GPS IIF series to sustain the space and control segments while improving mission performance:
– Two times greater predicted signal accuracy than heritage satellites.
– New L5 signals for more robust civil and commercial aviation.
– An on-orbit, reprogrammable processor, receiving software uploads for improved system operation.
– Military signal “M-code” and variable power for better resistance to jamming hostile environ- ments, meeting the needs of emerging doctrines of navigation warfare.