Press Release

Space Station Research Should Be Managed By Private Organization Instead of NASA

By SpaceRef Editor
January 11, 2000
Filed under

Contacts: Bob Ludwig, Media Relations Associate

Kathi McMullin, Media Relations Assistant

(202) 334-2138; e-mail <[email protected]>



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Space Station Research Should Be Managed By Private Organization Instead of NASA



WASHINGTON — A private organization capable of representing the broad interests of the science and engineering research community should be established to manage U.S. research activities on the International Space Station, says a new report from the National Research Council of the National Academies. The proposed organization would focus on supporting the research agenda of the space station, including planning and scheduling experiments, while NASA would continue to manage the station’s construction, basic operations, and maintenance.



"NASA must act quickly to ensure that the proposed organization is in place and actively involved in coordinating research plans well before the scheduled completion of the space station in 2004," said Cornelius J. Pings of Pasadena, Calif., chair of the committee that wrote the report and president emeritus of the Association of American Universities. "The organization itself must have clear authority and adequate funding to fulfill its responsibilities for managing high-quality research."



The committee cited areas where a private organization could be more effective than NASA in managing a diverse research portfolio. Chief among these is the ability to better understand and integrate the needs of a broad array of researchers and to foster new directions for research in additional scientific fields. An independent entity outside NASA also would provide the scientific and engineering research community with a single point of contact.



NASA should use a competitive process to select an organization or consortium capable of managing space station research, the report says. The chosen institution should have an independent board of directors and a scientific director with extensive experience in managing a complex range of research activities, and be guided by an advisory process that is broadly representative of the research community. The staff should include scientists and engineers who will serve as contacts for investigators who are developing research activities, as well as for scientist astronauts who will reside on the station.



One option that the committee evaluated was to keep managerial responsibility for the station’s research activities within NASA. The committee did not recommend a continuation of current arrangements, however, because it concluded that the agency should not have to diffuse its traditional roles with the added responsibility of managing long-term research on the station. NASA most likely would not have the work force needed to manage the research and development function as well as the operational responsibilities of the station. In addition, NASA has an excellent track record of successfully handing off established, long-term projects, such as the Hubble Space Telescope, for which a nongovernment consortium manages all scientific activities.



The proposed organization should take over from NASA the coordination of any space station research activities that the government is planning to manage for other international partners, the committee recommended. The new entity also should establish and maintain close working relationships with all non-U.S. organizations conducting research on the station.



While engaging academic scientists and engineers, the new organization also should be responsible for stimulating commercial research uses of the space station. It should establish clear policies and procedures for protecting proprietary information and serve as an intermediary between NASA and other private sources to fund commercial research, the report says.



Since the new organization must focus on start-up activities such as hiring staff and beginning to plan for the first series of research projects after station assembly is complete, there are certain roles that should still be performed by NASA. For instance, NASA should continue to manage the process of soliciting research proposals, conducting peer reviews, and selecting projects to include on the station, the committee said. Other activities that should remain indefinitely under NASA management include coordinating plans with other federal agencies and international partners. Once the station is complete and the proposed organization is in place, NASA would continue to set policy and develop strategy to keep the station operating safely.



It is urgent for NASA to move quickly and establish the new organization by 2001, the committee said. Once the entity is in place, implementation of its responsibilities should begin immediately. This would include a period in which the new organization takes the lead in planning research activities for when the station is completed, and a later phase for taking on additional responsibilities and authority.



The study was funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. The National Research Council is the principal operating arm of the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering. It is a private, nonprofit institution that provides independent advice on science and technology issues under a congressional charter. A committee roster follows.



A limited number of copies of Institutional Arrangements for Space Station Research are available from the National Research Council’s Space Studies Board by contacting Claudette Baylor-Fleming at the letterhead address; tel. (202) 334-3477. Reporters may obtain a copy from the Office of News and Public Information at the letterhead address (contacts listed above).




Institutional Arrangements for Space Station Research, Task Group to Review Alternative Institutional Arrangements for Space Station Research, National Research Council 98 pages , 8.5 x 11, 2000.



NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL

Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications

Space Studies Board

and

Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems

Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board



Task Group to Review Alternative Institutional Arrangements for Space Station Research



Cornelius J. Pings* (chair)

President Emeritus

Association of American Universities

Pasadena, Calif.



Norma M. Allewell (ex officio)

Associate Vice President for Sponsored Programs and Technology Transfer

Office of Sponsored Research

Harvard University

Cambridge, Mass.



Judith H. Ambrus

Consultant

Space Technology Management Services

Bridgewater, N.J.



Robert J. Bayuzick

Professor and Director of Materials Science

Vanderbilt University

Nashville, Tenn.



Anthony W. England

Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, and

Professor of Atmospheric, Oceanic, and Space Sciences

University of Michigan

Ann Arbor



Charles A. Fuller

Professor

Section of Neurobiology, Physiology, and Behavior

University of California

Davis



Richard H. Hopkins

Senior Consultant

Microelectronics

Northrop Grumman Science and Technology Center (retired)

Export, Pa.



Ernest G. Jaworski

Distinguished Science Fellow, and

Director of Biological Sciences

Monsanto Co. (retired)

St. Louis



Michael J. Katovich

Professor

Department of Pharmacodynamics

College of Pharmacy

University of Florida

Gainesville



Samuel Kramer

Principal

Kramer Associates

Potomac, Md.



G. Paul Neitzel

Professor

George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical Engineering

Georgia Institute of Technology

Atlanta



Lyle H. Schwartz*

Director

Aerospace and Materials Sciences

Air Force Office of Scientific Research

Arlington, Va.



John G. Stewart

Partner

Stewart, Wright and Associates, LLC

Knoxville, Tenn.



John C. Toole

Deputy Director

National Center for Supercomputing Applications

University of Illinois

Urbana-Champaign



RESEARCH COUNCIL STAFF



Joseph K. Alexander

Study Director



Tom Albert

Staff Officer



Susan Garbini

Staff Officer



* Member, National Academy of Engineering

SpaceRef staff editor.