Press Release

Launch of India’s First Black-Hole Space-Observation Satellite

By SpaceRef Editor
September 24, 2015
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Researchers from the University of Leicester have been involved in the development of the first ever Indian satellite dedicated to astronomical observations, including of black holes, which will be launching from the Satish Dhawan Space Center at Sriharikota in South-East India on Monday, 28 September.

Astrosat, which will be launched by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), is designed to make studies of the ultraviolet, optical, low- and high-energy X-ray emission from celestial objects at the same time and will be particularly useful at measuring the time variability of compact sources such as neutron stars and black holes, including the supermassive black holes at the center of galaxies.

The satellite’s instruments have been built by a consortium of institutes in India (the Tata Institute for Fundamental Research (TIFR)), Mumbai, the Indian Institute for Astronomy (IIA), Bengaluru and the Indian Universities Center for Astronomy and Astrophysics, (IUCAA), Pune in addition to ISRO, the Canadian Space Agency and the University of Leicester in the UK.

The team from the University of Leicester’s Department of Physics and Astronomy, led by Dr. Gordon Stewart, has assembled a sensitive CCD camera for the Soft X-ray Telescope (SXT) constructed by a team led by Professor K. P. Singh in TIFR, Mumbai who have also provided the data processing electronics.

Dr. Stewart said: “It has been an exciting opportunity to be part of the Astrosat team. We look forward to collaborating in analyzing the high quality data Astrosat will provide.”

Astrosat weighs almost 1.5 tons and will carry 4 co-aligned telescopes observing over a very broad range of the electromagnetic spectrum from the visible, optical range through the far ultraviolet to high energy X-rays.

In addition there will be an instrument monitoring the sky for bright transient phenomena.

Professor Paul O’Brien, Head of the University of Leicester’s Department of Physics and Astronomy said: “Astrosat has unique capabilities to enable the study of black holes and other powerful energy sources in the universe.”

By studying the time and spectral dependence of the emission astronomers hope to gain a better understanding of the material around the black hole and how it is falling onto or being driven away from the massive object, making ‘black’ holes some of the brightest objects in the universe.

PIO Contacts:
Ellen Rudge
Media and Events Officer
+44 (0)116 229 7467
er134@le.ac.uk

Peter Thorley
Corporate News Officer
+44 (0)116 252 2415
pt91@le.ac.uk

Science Contacts:
Dr. Gordon Stewart
+44 (0)116 252 3554
stu@leicester.ac.uk

Prof. Paul O’Brien
+44 (0)116 252 5203
paul.obrien@leicester.ac.uk

Images of the Astrosat satellite (credit: Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)): https://www.dropbox.com/sh/ge0a9zsfjlyhkdn/AABEO4qqdv7Sw4WD19ijcQVNa?dl=0

More information and pictures:
http://www.isro.gov.in/Spacecraft/astrosat
http://www.isro.gov.in/pslv-c30-astrosat-mission/gallery

SpaceRef staff editor.