New Space and Tech

Dynamics Of Space Debris Removal: A Review

By Keith Cowing
Status Report
April 15, 2023
Filed under , ,
Dynamics Of Space Debris Removal: A Review
Space Debris

Space debris, also known as “space junk,” presents a significant challenge for all space exploration activities, including those involving human-onboard spacecraft such as SpaceX’s Crew Dragon and the International Space Station.

The amount of debris in space is rapidly increasing and poses a significant environmental concern. Various studies and research have been conducted on space debris capture mechanisms, including contact and contact-less capturing methods, in Earth’s orbits. While advancements in technology, such as telecommunications, weather forecasting, high-speed internet, and GPS, have benefited society, their improper and unplanned usage has led to the creation of debris.

The growing amount of debris poses a threat of collision with the International Space Station, shuttle, and high-value satellites, and is present in different parts of Earth’s orbit, varying in size, shape, speed, and mass. As a result, capturing and removing space debris is a challenging task.

This review article provides an overview of space debris statistics and specifications, and focuses on ongoing mitigation strategies, preventive measures, and statutory guidelines for removing and preventing debris creation, emphasizing the serious issue of space debris damage to space agencies and relevant companies.

Mohammad Bigdeli, Rajat Srivastava, Michele Scaraggi
Subjects: Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (astro-ph.IM); Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP); Space Physics (
Cite as: arXiv:2304.05709 [astro-ph.IM] (or arXiv:2304.05709v1 [astro-ph.IM] for this version)
Submission history
From: Rajat Srivastava
[v1] Wed, 12 Apr 2023 09:03:50 UTC (16,980 KB)

SpaceRef co-founder, Explorers Club Fellow, ex-NASA, Away Teams, Journalist, Space & Astrobiology, Lapsed climber.