Photo: Chile's Puyehue-Cordon Caulle Volcano As Seen From Space

In early June 2011, Chile's Puyehue-Cordon Caulle Volcano erupted explosively, sending volcanic ash around the Southern Hemisphere. In late December 2011, activity at the volcano had calmed, but volcanic ash and steam continued to pour through the fissure that opened several months earlier. The Advanced Land Imager (ALI) on NASA's Earth Observing-1 (EO-1) satellite captured this natural-color image on December 23, 2011. The active fissure lies northwest of the Puyehue caldera, and a plume blows from the fissure toward the west and north.

This image shows not just ash but also snow on the volcano surface, including the caldera. Because volcanic ash regularly coats the land surface, the pristine snow probably fell recently. In a bulletin issued December 26, 2011, Chile's Servicio Nacional de Geologia y Mineria (SERNAGEOMIN) characterized the activity over the previous 24 hours as a minor eruption of low intensity. Reaching an altitude of 2,236 meters (7,336 feet), Puyehue-Cordon Caulle is a stratovolcano, a steep-sloped, conical volcano composed of layers of ash, lava, and rocks released by previous eruptions. This volcano comprises part of the largest active geothermal area in the southern Andes.

1. References

2. Global Volcanism Program. Puyehue-Cordon Caulle. Smithsonian Institution. Accessed December 27, 2011.

3. Servicio Nacional de Geologia y Mineria. (2011, December 26). Reporte Especial de Actividad Volcanica No 245 Complejo Volcanico Puyehue - Cordon Caulle. (Spanish) Government of Chile. Accessed December 27, 2011.

4. NASA Earth Observatory image created by Jesse Allen, using EO-1 ALI data provided courtesy of the NASA EO-1 team. Caption by Michon Scott.

Instrument: EO-1 - ALI Images

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