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Ejecta distribution and momentum transfer from oblique impacts on asteroid surfaces

Status Report From: arXiv.org e-Print archive
Posted: Tuesday, May 4, 2021

S.D. Raducan, T.M. Davison, G.S. Collins

NASA's Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) mission will impact its target asteroid, Dimorphos, at an oblique angle that will not be known prior to the impact. We computed iSALE-3D simulations of DART-like impacts on asteroid surfaces at different impact angles and found that the the vertical momentum transfer efficiency, β, is similar for different impact angles, however, the imparted momentum is reduced as the impact angle decreases. It is expected that the momentum imparted from a 45∘ impact is reduced by up to 50\% compared to a vertical impact. The direction of the ejected momentum is not normal to the surface, however it is observed to `straighten up' with crater growth. iSALE-2D simulations of vertical impacts provide context for the iSALE-3D simulation results and show that the ejection angle varies with both target properties and with crater growth. While the ejection angle is relatively insensitive to the target porosity, it varies by up to 30∘ with target coefficient of internal friction. The simulation results presented in this paper can help constrain target properties from the DART crater ejecta cone, which will be imaged by the LICIACube. The results presented here represent the basis for an empirical scaling relationship for oblique impacts and can be used as a framework to determine an analytical approximation of the vertical component of the ejecta momentum, β−1, given known target properties.

Subjects: Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP)

Cite as: arXiv:2105.01474 [astro-ph.EP] (or arXiv:2105.01474v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)

Submission history

From: Sabina Raducan 

[v1] Tue, 4 May 2021 13:08:34 UTC (8,590 KB)

https://arxiv.org/abs/2105.01474

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