Matching temporal signatures of solar features to their corresponding solar wind outflows

Status Report From: e-Print archive
Posted: Tuesday, March 23, 2021

Diego de Pablos, David M. Long, Christopher J. Owen, Gherardo Valori, Georgios Nicolaou, Louise K. Harra

The role of small-scale coronal eruptive phenomena in the generation and heating of the solar wind remains an open question. Here, we investigate the role played by coronal jets in forming the solar wind by testing whether temporal variations associated with jetting in EUV intensity can be identified in the outflowing solar wind plasma. This type of comparison is challenging due to inherent differences between remote-sensing observations of the source and in situ observations of the outflowing plasma, as well as travel time and evolution of the solar wind throughout the heliosphere. To overcome these, we propose a novel algorithm combining signal filtering, two-step solar wind ballistic backmapping, window shifting, and Empirical Mode Decomposition. We first validate the method using synthetic data, before applying it to measurements from the Solar Dynamics Observatory, and Wind spacecraft. The algorithm enables the direct comparison of remote sensing observations of eruptive phenomena in the corona to in situ measurements of solar wind parameters, among other potential uses. After application to these datasets, we find several time windows where signatures of dynamics found in the corona are embedded in the solar wind stream, at a time significantly earlier than expected from simple ballistic backmapping, with the best performing in situ parameter being the solar wind mass flux.

Subjects: Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (astro-ph.SR)

Cite as: arXiv:2103.09077 [astro-ph.SR] (or arXiv:2103.09077v1 [astro-ph.SR] for this version)

Submission history

From: Diego De Pablos

[v1] Tue, 16 Mar 2021 13:59:11 UTC (8,785 KB)

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