Periodicities in an active region correlated with Type III radio bursts observed by Parker Solar Probe

Status Report From: e-Print archive
Posted: Friday, September 25, 2020

Cynthia Cattell, Lindsay Glesener, Benjamin Leiran, Keith Goetz, Juan Carlos Martínez Oliveros, Samuel T. Badman, Marc Pulupa, Stuart D. Bale

Context. Periodicities have frequently been reported across many wavelengths in the solar corona. Correlated periods of ~5 minutes, comparable to solar p-modes, are suggestive of coupling between the photosphere and the corona. Aims. Our study investigates whether there are correlations in the periodic behavior of Type III radio bursts, indicative of non-thermal electron acceleration processes, and coronal EUV emission, assessing heating and cooling, in an active region when there are no large flares. Methods. We use coordinated observations of Type III radio bursts from the FIELDS instrument on Parker Solar Probe (PSP), of extreme ultraviolet emissions by the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO)/AIA and white light observations by SDO/HMI, and of solar flare x-rays by Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) on April 12, 2019. Several methods for assessing periodicities are utilized and compared to validate periods obtained. Results. Periodicities of about 5 minutes in the EUV in several areas of an active region are well correlated with the repetition rate of the Type III radio bursts observed on both PSP and Wind. Detrended 211A and 171A light curves show periodic profiles in multiple locations, with 171A peaks lagging those seen in 211A. This is suggestive of impulsive events that result in heating and then cooling in the lower corona. NuSTAR x-rays provide evidence for at least one microflare during the interval of Type III bursts, but there is not a one-to-one correspondence between the x-rays and the Type-III bursts. Our study provides evidence for periodic acceleration of non-thermal electrons (required to generate Type III radio bursts) when there were no observable flares either in the x-ray data or the EUV. The acceleration process, therefore, must be associated with small impulsive events, perhaps nanoflares.

Subjects: Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (astro-ph.SR); Space Physics (

Cite as: arXiv:2009.10899 [astro-ph.SR] (or arXiv:2009.10899v1 [astro-ph.SR] for this version)

Submission history

From: Cynthia Cattell 

[v1] Wed, 23 Sep 2020 02:03:10 UTC (2,518 KB)

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