PRESIDENT TRUMP HAS TAKEN TO STEPS TO ADVANCE AMERICAN LEADERSHIP AND FREEDOM OF ACTION IN SPACE AS CRITICAL TO U.S. NATIONAL SECURITY
During his first year in office, President Trump released hisNational Security Strategywhich emphasized the need for American leadership and freedom of action in space.
The National Security Strategy established that U.S. priority actions in space would include advancing space as a priority domain, promote U.S. commercial space capabilities, and maintain the lead inspace exploration.
"The United Statesmust proactively ensure its ability to operate and defend itself in space - which is why Congress needs to act to finalize the U.S. Space Force as a sixth independent branch of our armed forces."
On June 30, 2017, President Trumpreestablished the National Space Councilin an executive order, saying it would send a "clear signal to the world that we are restoring America's proud legacy of leadership in space."
The National Space Council had not beenactive since the endof President George H.W. Bush's Administration in 1993.
President Trump: "The National Space Council will be a central hub guiding space policy within the Administration."
Sandy Magnus, Executive Director of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics: The President's efforts "strengthen our nation's space enterprise," and we "view this as an opportunity to create an integrated strategic approach U.S. space endeavors."
In addition to the creation of the Space Force, President Trump has signed three other White House Space Policy Directives in order to facilitate his national space strategy priorities:
In December 2017, President Trump signed theWhite House Space Policy Directive 1,providing for U.S.-led integrated program with private sector partners for a human return to the moon, followed by missions to Mars and beyond.
CSIS expert Todd Harrison: "Space Directive 1 is aclear departurefrom the Obama Administration."
In May 2018, President Trump signed his Space Policy Directive 2 which eased regulations on private industry space endeavors.
Space.com: "Trump's new Space Policy Directive 2 could make life easier for SpaceX and others."
Alan Stern, Chairman of the board of the Commercial Spaceflight Federation: "Now we can foresee a more streamlined legal and administrative regime that will allow us to continue to help transform how Americans access and use space."
Tom Stroup,President of the Satellite Industry Association: "SIA is delighted with the president's recognition of the importance of the commercial space business and we applaud his policy directive that encourages the continued growth and leadership of America's commercial satellite industry."