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Project AMIGA: The Circumgalactic Medium of Andromeda

Status Report From: arXiv.org e-Print archive
Posted: Friday, February 21, 2020

Nicolas Lehner, Samantha C. Berek, J. Christopher Howk, Bart P. Wakker, Jason Tumlinson, Edward B. Jenkins, J. Xavier Prochaska, Ramona Augustin, Suoqing Ji, Claude-Andre Faucher-Giguere, Zachary Hafen, Molly S. Peeples, Kat A. Barger, Michelle A. Berg, Rongmon Bordoloi, Thomas M. Brown, Andrew J. Fox, Karoline M. Gilbert, Puragra Guhathakurta, Jason S. Kalirai, Felix J. Lockman, John M. O'Meara, D.J. Pisano, Joseph Ribaudo, Jessica K. Werk

(Submitted on 18 Feb 2020)

Project AMIGA (Absorption Maps In the Gas of Andromeda) is a large ultraviolet Hubble Space Telescope program, which has assembled a sample of 43 QSOs that pierce the circumgalactic medium (CGM) of Andromeda (M31) from R=25 to 569 kpc (25 of them probing gas from 25 kpc to about the virial radius-Rvir = 300 kpc-of M31). Our large sample provides an unparalleled look at the physical conditions and distribution of metals in the CGM of a single galaxy using ions that probe a wide range of gas phases (Si II, Si III, Si IV, C II, C IV, and O VI, the latter being from the Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer). We find that Si III and O VI have near unity covering factor maintained all the way out to 1.2Rvir and 1.9Rvir, respectively. We show that Si III is the dominant ion over Si II and Si IV at any R. While we do not find that the properties of the CGM of M31 depend strongly on the azimuth, we show that they change remarkably around 0.3-0.5Rvir, conveying that the inner regions of the CGM of M31 are more dynamic and have more complicated multi-phase gas-structures than at R>0.5Rvir. We estimate the metal mass of the CGM within Rvir as probed by Si II, Si III, and Si IV is 2x10^7 Msun and by O VI is >8x10^7 Msun, while the baryon mass of the 10^4-10^5.5 K gas is ~4x10^10 (Z/0.3 Zsun)^(-1) Msun within Rvir. We show that different zoom-in cosmological simulations of L* galaxies better reproduce the column density profile of O VI with R than Si III or the other studied ions. We find that observations of the M31 CGM and zoom-in simulations of L* galaxies have both lower ions showing higher column density dispersion and dependence on R than higher ions, indicating that the higher ionization structures are larger and/or more broadly distributed.

Comments: Submitted to the Astrophysical Journal. Comments welcome

Subjects: Astrophysics of Galaxies (astro-ph.GA)

Cite as: arXiv:2002.07818 [astro-ph.GA] (or arXiv:2002.07818v1 [astro-ph.GA] for this version)

Submission history

From: Nicolas Lehner 

[v1] Tue, 18 Feb 2020 19:00:01 UTC (8,385 KB)

https://arxiv.org/abs/2002.07818

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