Implantation of Martian materials in the inner solar system by a mega impact on Mars

Status Report From: e-Print archive
Posted: Wednesday, March 21, 2018

Ryuki Hyodo, Hidenori Genda
(Submitted on 19 Mar 2018)

Observations and meteorites indicate that the Martian materials are enigmatically distributed within the inner solar system. A mega impact on Mars creating a Martian hemispheric dichotomy and the Martian moons can potentially eject Martian materials. A recent work has shown that the mega-impact-induced debris is potentially captured as the Martian Trojans and implanted in the asteroid belt. However, the amount, distribution, and composition of the debris has not been studied. Here, using hydrodynamic simulations, we report that a large amount of debris ($\sim 1\%$ of Mars' mass), including Martian crust/mantle and the impactor's materials ($\sim 20:80$), are ejected by a dichotomy-forming impact, and distributed between $\sim 0.5-3.0$ astronomical units. Our result indicates that unmelted Martian mantle debris ($\sim 0.02\%$ of Mars' mass) can be the source of Martian Trojans, olivine-rich asteroids in the Hungarian region and the main asteroid belt, and some of which even hit early Earth. A mega impact can naturally implant Martian mantle materials within the inner solar system.

Comments:    8 pages, 5 figures. Accepted for publication in ApJL
Subjects:    Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP); Instrumentation and Methods for Astrophysics (astro-ph.IM)
Cite as:    arXiv:1803.07196 [astro-ph.EP] (or arXiv:1803.07196v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)
Submission history
From: Ryuki Hyodo 
[v1] Mon, 19 Mar 2018 23:31:43 GMT (3037kb)

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