Zodiacal Exoplanet in Time (ZEIT) V: A Uniform Search for Transiting Planets in Young Clusters Observed by K2

Status Report From: e-Print archive
Posted: Thursday, October 12, 2017

Aaron C Rizzuto, Andrew W Mann, Andrew Vanderburg, Adam L Kraus
(Submitted on 27 Sep 2017)

Detection of transiting exoplanets around young stars is more difficult than for older systems due to increased stellar variability. Nine young open cluster planets have been found in the K2 data, but no single analysis pipeline identified all planets. We have developed a transit search pipeline for young stars which uses a transit-shaped notch and quadratic continuum in a 12 or 24\,hour window to fit both the stellar variability and the presence of a transit. In addition, for the most rapid rotators (Prot<2\,days) we model the variability using a linear combination of observed rotations of each star. To maximally exploit our new pipeline, we update the membership for four stellar populations observed by K2 (Upper Scorpius, Pleiades, Hyades, Praesepe), and conduct a uniform search of the members. We identify all known transiting exoplanets in the clusters, 17 eclipsing binaries, one transiting planet candidate orbiting a potential Pleiades member, and three orbiting unlikely members of the young clusters. Limited injection-recovery testing on the known planet hosts indicates that for the older Praesepe systems, we are sensitive to additional exoplanets as small as 1-2\,R⊕, and for the larger Upper Scorpius planet host (K2-33) our pipeline is sensitive to ∼4\,R⊕ transiting planets. The lack of detected multiple systems in the young clusters is consistent with the expected frequency from the original Kepler sample, within our detection limits. With a robust pipeline that detects all known planets in the young clusters, occurrence rate testing at young ages is now possible.

Comments:    29 pages, 17 figures, 4 tables, accepted for publication in AJ
Subjects:    Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP)
Cite as:    arXiv:1709.09670 [astro-ph.EP] (or arXiv:1709.09670v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)
Submission history
From: Aaron Rizzuto 
[v1] Wed, 27 Sep 2017 18:00:02 GMT (7884kb,D)

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