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New Horizons Upper Limits on O2 in Pluto's Present Day Atmosphere

Status Report From: arXiv.org e-Print archive
Posted: Thursday, June 15, 2017

J. A. Kammer, S. A. Stern, G. R. Gladstone, L. A. Young, C. B. Olkin, A. Steffl, H. A. Weaver, K. Ennico
(Submitted on 13 Jun 2017)

The surprising discovery by the Rosetta spacecraft of molecular oxygen (O2) in the coma of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko (Bieler et al. 2015) challenged our understanding of the inventory of this volatile species on and inside bodies from the Kuiper Belt. That discovery motivated our search for oxygen in the atmosphere of Kuiper Belt planet Pluto, because O2 is volatile even at Pluto's surface temperatures. During the New Horizons flyby of Pluto in July 2015, the spacecraft probed the composition of Pluto's atmosphere using a variety of observations, including an ultraviolet solar occultation observed by the Alice UV spectrograph (Stern et al. 2015; Gladstone et al. 2016; Young et al. 2017). As described in these reports, absorption by molecular species in Pluto's atmosphere yielded detections of N2, as well as hydrocarbon species such as CH4, C2H2, C2H4, and C2H6. Our work here further examines this data to search for UV absorption from molecular oxygen (O2), which has a signicant cross section in the Alice spectrograph bandpass. We find no evidence for O2 absorption, and place an upper limit on the total amount of O2 in Pluto's atmosphere as a function of tangent height up to 700 km. In most of the atmosphere this upper limit in line of sight abundance units is ~3x1015 cm−2, which depending on tangent height corresponds to a mixing ratio of 10−6 to 10−4, far lower than in comet 67P/CG.

Comments:    5 pages, 3 figures, 1 table, The Astronomical Journal, 2017, in press
Subjects:    Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP)
Cite as:    arXiv:1706.04232 [astro-ph.EP] (or arXiv:1706.04232v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)
Submission history
From: Joshua Kammer 
[v1] Tue, 13 Jun 2017 19:23:26 GMT (616kb)
https://arxiv.org/abs/1706.04232

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