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Modeling Shocks Detected by Voyager 1 in the Local Interstellar Medium

Status Report From: arXiv.org e-Print archive
Posted: Thursday, June 15, 2017

Tae K. Kim, Nikolai V. Pogorelov, Leonard F. Burlaga
(Submitted on 13 Jun 2017)

The magnetometer (MAG) on Voyager 1 (V1) has been sampling the interstellar magnetic field (ISMF) since August 2012. The V1 MAG observations have shown draped ISMF in the very local interstellar medium disturbed occasionally by significant enhancements in magnetic field strength. Using a three-dimensional, data driven, multi-fluid model, we investigated these magnetic field enhancements beyond the heliopause that are supposedly associated with solar transients. To introduce time-dependent effects at the inner boundary at 1 astronomical unit, we used daily averages of the solar wind parameters from the OMNI data set. The model ISMF strength, direction, and proton number density are compared with V1 data beyond the heliopause. The model reproduced the large-scale fluctuations between 2012.652 and 2016.652, including major events around 2012.9 and 2014.6. The model also predicts shocks arriving at V1 around 2017.395 and 2019.502. Another model driven by OMNI data with interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs) removed at the inner boundary suggests that ICMEs may play a significant role in the propagation of shocks into the interstellar medium.

Comments:    Submitted to Astrophysical Journal Letters
Subjects:    Space Physics (physics.space-ph); Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (astro-ph.SR)
Cite as:    arXiv:1706.04221 [physics.space-ph] (or arXiv:1706.04221v1 [physics.space-ph] for this version)
Submission history
From: Tae Kim 
[v1] Tue, 13 Jun 2017 18:44:47 GMT (662kb)
https://arxiv.org/abs/1706.04221

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