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NASA Excerpt: America First A Budget Blueprint to Make America Great Again

Status Report From: Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
Posted: Tuesday, May 23, 2017

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NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND  SPACE ADMINISTRATION

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is responsible for increasing understanding of the universe and our place in it, advancing America's world-leading aerospace technology, inspiring the Nation, and opening the space frontier.  The Budget increases cooperation with industry through the use of public-private partnerships, focuses the Nation's efforts on deep space exploration rather than Earth-centric research, and develops technologies that would help achieve U.S. space goals and benefit the economy. The President's 2018 Budget requests $19.1 billion for NASA, a 0.8 percent decrease from the 2017 annualized CR level, with targeted increases consistent with the President's priorities.

The President's 2018 Budget:

- Supports and expands public-private partnerships as the foundation of future U.S. civilian space efforts.  The Budget creates new opportunities for collaboration with industry on space station operations,  supports  public-private  partnerships  for  deep-space  habitation  and  exploration systems, funds data buys from companies operating small satellite constellations, and supports work with industry to develop and commercialize new space technologies.

- Paves  the  way  for  eventual  over-land  commercial  supersonic  flights  and  safer,  more  efficient air travel with a strong program of aeronautics research.  The Budget provides $624 million for aeronautics research and development.

- Reinvigorates robotic exploration of the Solar System by providing $1.9 billion for the Planetary Science program, including funding for a mission to repeatedly fly by Jupiter's icy ocean moon Europa and a Mars rover that would launch in 2020.  To preserve the balance of NASA's science portfolio and maintain flexibility to conduct missions that were determined to be more important by the science community, the Budget provides no funding for a multi-billion-dollar mission to land on Europa.  The Budget also supports initiatives that use smaller, less expensive satellites to advance science in a cost-effective manner.

- Provides  $3.7  billion  for  continued  development  of  the  Orion  crew  vehicle,  Space  Launch System, and associated ground system, to send American astronauts on deep-space missions.  To accommodate increasing development costs, the Budget cancels the multi-billion-dollar Asteroid Redirect  Mission.    NASA  will  investigate  approaches  for  reducing  the  costs  of  exploration missions to enable a more expansive exploration program.

- Provides $1.8 billion for a focused, balanced Earth science portfolio that supports the priorities of the science and applications communities, a savings of $102 million from the 2017 annualized CR  level.    The  Budget  terminates  four  Earth  science  missions  (PACE,  OCO-3,  DSCOVR Earth-viewing instruments, and CLARREO Pathfinder) and reduces funding for Earth science research grants.

- Eliminates  the  $115  million  Office  of  Education,  resulting  in  a  more  focused  education  effort through NASA's Science Mission Directorate.  The Office of Education has experienced significant challenges in implementing a NASA-wide education strategy and is performing functions that are duplicative of other parts of the agency.

- Restructures  a  duplicative  robotic  satellite  refueling  demonstration  mission  to  reduce  its  cost and better position it to support a nascent commercial satellite servicing industry, resulting in a savings of $88 million from the 2017 annualized CR level.

- Strengthens NASA's cybersecurity capabilities, safeguarding critical systems and data.

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