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Waterfront on the Martian Planitia: Algorithmic emergent catchments on disordered terrain

Status Report From: arXiv.org e-Print archive
Posted: Tuesday, June 28, 2016

Casey J. Handmer
(Submitted on 16 Jun 2016)

Under a terraforming scenario, a reactivated hydrological cycle on Mars will result in upwards movement of water due to evaporation and precipitation. If Mars' embryonic fossilized catchments provide inadequate drainage, Mars' limited supplies of water may be absorbed entirely by crater lakes and glaciers, with negative consequences for the terraforming effort. We demonstrate a stable, convergent algorithm for the efficient modeling of water flow over disordered terrain. This model is applied to Mars Orbital Laser Altimeter data and successfully predicts the formation of fossilized waterways and canyons visible only at much higher resolution. This exploratory study suggests that despite its impossibly rugged appearance, ancient water flows have carved channels that provide effective drainage over the majority of Mars' surface. We also provide one possible reconstruction of a terraformed surface water distribution.

Comments: 15 pages, 5 figures, one downsized for arXiv size limit
Subjects: Earth and Planetary Astrophysics (astro-ph.EP)
Cite as: arXiv:1606.05224 [astro-ph.EP]
(or arXiv:1606.05224v1 [astro-ph.EP] for this version)
Submission history
From: Casey Handmer [view email]
[v1] Thu, 16 Jun 2016 15:33:24 GMT (11614kb,D)
http://arxiv.org/abs/1606.05224

 

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