The genealogical tree of ethanol: gas-phase formation of glycolaldehyde, acetic acid and formic acid

Press Release From: e-Print archive
Posted: Sunday, February 4, 2018

Dimitrios Skouteris, Nadia Balucani, Cecilia Ceccarelli, Fanny Vazart, Cristina Puzzarini, Vincenzo Barone, Claudio Codella, Bertrand Lefloch
(Submitted on 24 Dec 2017)

Despite the harsh conditions of the interstellar medium, chemistry thrives in it, especially in star forming regions where several interstellar complex organic molecules (iCOMs) have been detected. Yet, how these species are synthesised is a mystery. The majority of current models claim that this happens on interstellar grain surfaces. Nevertheless, evidence is mounting that neutral gas-phase chemistry plays an important role. In this article, we propose a new scheme for the gas-phase synthesis of glycolaldehyde, a species with a prebiotic potential and for which no gas-phase formation route was previously known. In the proposed scheme, the ancestor is ethanol and the glycolaldehyde sister species are acetic acid (another iCOM with unknown gas-phase formation routes) and formic acid. For the reactions of the new scheme with no available data, we have performed electronic structure and kinetics calculations deriving rate coefficients and branching ratios. Furthermore, after a careful review of the chemistry literature, we revised the available chemical networks, adding and correcting several reactions related to glycolaldehyde, acetic acid and formic acid. The new chemical network has been used in an astrochemical model to predict the abundance of glycolaldehyde, acetic acid and formic acid. The predicted abundance of glycolaldehyde depends on the ethanol abundance in the gas phase and is in excellent agreement with the measured one in hot corinos and shock sites. Our new model overpredicts the abundance of acetic acid and formic acid by about a factor of ten, which might imply a yet incomplete reaction network.

Subjects:    Solar and Stellar Astrophysics (astro-ph.SR)
Cite as:    arXiv:1712.08938 [astro-ph.SR] (or arXiv:1712.08938v1 [astro-ph.SR] for this version)
Submission history
From: Nadia Balucani
[v1] Sun, 24 Dec 2017 15:18:41 GMT (269kb,D)

Astrobiology, Astrochemistry

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