From: Center for the Advancement of Science in Space (CASIS)
Posted: Monday, November 7, 2016
The Center for the Advancement of Science in Space (CASIS) and Boeing awarded three research companies financial support last week through MassChallenge™. This marks the third year CASIS and Boeing have collaborated on the “Technology in Space” prize through the MassChallenge Boston Accelerator. CASIS is the nonprofit organization responsible for managing and promoting research onboard the International Space Station (ISS) U.S. National Laboratory. Boeing is the ISS prime contractor responsible for sustaining operations, including the successful integration of vehicle and payload hardware and software for the orbiting laboratory. The grant prizes for this collaboration will provide seed funding for the three awarded companies and assist with hardware costs for flight to the ISS National Lab.
MassChallenge supports high-impact, early-stage entrepreneurs across all industries without taking any equity. Its accelerator programs in Boston, Israel, Mexico, Switzerland, and the U.K. offer world-class mentorship, free office space, a network of corporate and nonprofit organizations, and access to in-kind support and resources throughout the four months. At the culmination of the programs, MassChallenge awards winning startups with zero-equity cash awards, which total more than $1.5 million in Boston. To date, 1,211 MassChallenge alumni from around the world have raised over $1.8 billion in funding, generated over $700 million in revenue, and created more than 60,000 direct and indirect jobs.
Below is an overview of the selected projects:
Endothelial Cells in Microgravity as a Model System for Evaluation of Cancer Therapy Toxicity
There are more than 100 distinct types of cancer, which vary substantially in their behavior and response to treatment. In order to grow, however, all solid tumors must generate new blood vessels. Angiex has created a novel cancer therapy that targets a protein involved in the proliferation of the cells called endothelial cells (ECs) that line the walls of blood vessels. This new therapy has been found to be extraordinarily effective in mouse models, achieving long-lasting (3-month) regressions of tumors from a single treatment. Angiex’s major challenge, shared by all developers of vascular-targeted drugs, is the lack of an in vitro model of resting normal endothelium (the layer of cells that line the walls of blood vessels) to test drug toxicity. ECs cultured in microgravity appear to share many features of the in vivo resting endothelium, including a persistent state of reduced cell growth. Angiex will evaluate the hypothesis that microgravity-cultured ECs represent a valid model system to test the effects of vascular-targeted drugs on normal blood vessels. If the hypothesis is validated, microgravity-cultured ECs would constitute an important model system for evaluating the action of any vascular-targeted drug.
Microgravity Crystallization of Glycogen Synthase-Glycogenin Protein Complex
Crystallization of proteins for structural determination is an important tool for drug discovery. Dover Lifesciences aims to utilize the microgravity environment on the ISS to crystallize a protein complex that is difficult to crystallize on Earth. Glycogen synthase, the critical enzyme for glycogen synthesis in the liver and muscle, works in concert with another protein, glycogenin, which is necessary for proper orientation and function of glycogen synthase. Determination of the structure of this protein complex could aid in the development of drugs that inhibit glycogen synthase. Such drugs could be used to treat obesity, rare genetic disorders, and cancer. The ISS provides an ideal environment to crystallize protein complexes because microgravity eliminates issues with protein density and convection currents that inhibit orderly crystallization. Successful crystallization of the glycogen synthase and glycogenin protein complex has the potential to lead to important drug discoveries.
Enhancement of Performance and Stability of a Protein-Based Retinal Implant by Manufacturing in Microgravity
LambdaVision is developing a protein-based retinal prosthetic to restore vision to the millions of people with blindness resulting from retinal degenerative diseases. Preclinical evaluation has provided a foundation for further work to test the biocompatibility and efficacy of the technology; however, the outcome of these efforts is strongly dependent on the quality and efficiency of the manufacturing process. The retinal implant consists of multiple layers of the light-activated protein, bacteriorhodopsin, and is generated utilizing an automated layer-by-layer approach using a polymer binder and an ion-permeable scaffold. The manufacturing process requires several days because each step must be carried out slowly with sequential drying time between each layer. Gravity interferes with the homogeneity and uniformity of the layers and LambdaVision hypothesizes that preparing the multi-layer protein/polymer films in microgravity will be faster and will yield improvements in the homogeneity of the films, the degree of orientation of the protein, and the stability of the resulting multilayer system. The success of this project will allow a better understanding of gravity’s effects on the manufacturing process, help accelerate time to market, and enable key decisions to deliver consistent manufacturing of high-quality films for commercialization of the retinal prosthetics.
"MassChallenge represents a terrific opportunity for innovative concepts and ideas to achieve commercial viability," said CASIS Chief Scientist Dr. Randy Giles. "Both CASIS and Boeing are honored to continue our partnership in awarding unique proposals that can be enhanced through ISS National Lab inquiry. We look forward to working with all three 'Technology in Space' winners to leverage microgravity for terrestrial benefit."
This year’s winning flight projects selected for awards through the MassChallenge Startup Accelerator had to incorporate science or technology initiatives that would effectively utilize and benefit from ISS National Lab capabilities. CASIS will continue to work with additional MassChallenge proposers from the “Technology in Space” prize to build on their ideas and potentially transform the ideas into flight-ready projects.
Final award of any grant money is contingent upon acceptance of legal terms and conditions between recipient, CASIS, and Boeing.
To learn more about the MassChallenge Accelerator program, visit: http://masschallenge.org/accelerator .
Editor's note: I asked CASIS to clarify a few issues. Here are my questions and their responses
How much was awarded to each company?
CASIS: Winning proposals will be awarded approximately $120,000-$200,000 based on scope of the project.
What period of time does each grant cover?
CASIS: There is no time period on the awards.
Who will pay their launch costs?
CASIS: Since the payloads would ultimately launch under the ISS National Lab manifest, there are no additional costs passed over to the researchers, Boeing or CASIS for launch.
How much money did CASIS itself contribute?
CASIS: Up to $250,000 total.
How much money did Boeing contribute?
CASIS: Up to $250,000 total.
How much money did MassChallenge contribute?
CASIS: MassChallenge is contributing in-kind services, should each company require them (Such as office or meeting space, mentorship, networking, etc.). MassChallenge contributed no money to the project but was the organization who assisted in bringing these new flight projects to the table through their Accelerator Program.
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