NASA Space Station On-Orbit Status Report 31 December, 2021 - Extending ISS Operations to 2030

©NASA

NASA astronaut Thomas Marshburn looks at the approaching SpaceX Cargo Dragon. (Dec. 22, 2021)

NASA Administrator Bill Nelson announced today the Biden-Harris Administration's commitment to extend International Space Station (ISS) operations through 2030.

NASA will work with our international partners in Europe (ESA, European Space Agency), Japan (JAXA, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency), Canada (CSA, Canadian Space Agency), and Russia (State Space Corporation Roscosmos) to enable continuation of the groundbreaking research being conducted in this unique orbiting laboratory through the rest of this decade.

"The International Space Station is a beacon of peaceful international scientific collaboration and for more than 20 years has returned enormous scientific, educational, and technological developments to benefit humanity. I'm pleased that the Biden-Harris Administration has committed to continuing station operations through 2030," Nelson said. "The United States' continued participation on the ISS will enhance innovation and competitiveness, as well as advance the research and technology necessary to send the first woman and first person of color to the Moon under NASA's Artemis program and pave the way for sending the first humans to Mars. As more and more nations are active in space, it's more important than ever that the United States continues to lead the world in growing international alliances and modeling rules and norms for the peaceful and responsible use of space."

Over the past two decades, the United States has maintained a continuous human presence in orbit around the Earth to test technologies, conduct scientific research, and develop skills needed to explore farther than ever before. The unique microgravity laboratory has hosted more than 3,000 research investigations from over 4,200 researchers across the world and is returning enormous scientific, educational, and technological developments to benefit people on Earth. Nearly 110 countries and areas have participated in activities aboard the station, including more than 1,500,000 students per year in STEM activities.

Instruments aboard the ISS, used in concert with free-flying instruments in other orbits, help us measure the stresses of drought and the health of forests to enable improved understanding of the interaction of carbon and climate at different time scales. Operating these and other climate-related instruments through the end of the decade will greatly increase our understanding of the climate cycle.

Extending operations through 2030 will continue another productive decade of research advancement and enable a seamless transition of capabilities in low-Earth orbit to one or more commercially owned and operated destinations in the late 2020s. The decision to extend operations and NASA's recent awards to develop commercial space stations together ensure uninterrupted, continuous human presence and capabilities; both are critical facets of NASA's International Space Station transition plan.

On-Orbit Status Report

Payloads:

Cytoskeleton: Today, the crew installed Cytoskeleton Experiment Containers into the Biolab Incubator. In vitro cultures of mammalian cells react specifically to microgravity, but there is no solid scientific evidence available about how and why. The Involvement of Rho family GTPases in gravity perception and reaction (Cytoskeleton) investigation attempts to acquire new information about the events that are happening inside a mammalian cell, with the working hypothesis that the microgravity environment affects the function of RhoGTPases and the cellular signaling that they control. RhoGTPases are signaling molecules residing under the Rho family of proteins, known to be involved as "molecular switches", in the control of cell proliferation, apoptosis (programmed cell death), gene expression (flow of genetic information from gene to protein), and cytoskeletal organization.

ESA-EPO (Education Payload Operations): A crewmember recorded a video demonstration of the damping mechanism of granular materials by oscillating different dampers on a spring and by inducing collisions with a surface. Dzhanibekov Demonstrations were also recorded to show the Dzhanibekov effect with several differently shaped items. The activities related to ESA-EPO Generic Videos are intended to encourage and strengthen the teaching of science curriculum and stimulate the curiosity of students to motivate them towards further study of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) subjects.

Materials ISS Experiment Flight Facility-14 (MISSE-14): Four MSCs (Material Sample Carriers) were removed from the MTT 2 (MISSE Transfer Tray) and were prepped for return. MISSE-14 continues a series of tests by NASA Glenn Research Center on how the harsh environment of space affects the performance and durability of various materials. Each mission tests new materials and material configurations, and similar materials fly on multiple MISSE missions. MISSE-14 exposes de-orbit, phase change and radiation shielding materials as well as 11 types of crop seeds to the space environment.

NanoRacks Platforms: Imagery was taken of Platform-2 Module-48. The NanoRacks Platforms is a multipurpose research facility on board ISS. The NanoRacks Platforms supports NanoRacks Modules in the CubeSat form factor by providing power and data transfer capabilities to operate investigations in microgravity.

T2 Treadmill Augmented Reality (T2AR) Procedures: Today, an inspection of the T2 Treadmill was performed and the Questionnaire was completed. T2AR conducts tests using augmented reality to help crew members perform inspection and maintenance on the Combined Operational Load Bearing External Resistance Treadmill (COLBERT). The ability to perform such tasks without assistance from Mission Control is vital for future space exploration such as a mission to Mars, where significant time delays occur in communications between space and ground. Using augmented reality to guide astronauts through complex spacecraft maintenance and repair activities also reduces the time needed for training and task performance.

Systems:

Node 3 to Cupola Velocicalc Measurements: Today, Crew completed measurements of IMV flow into Cupola. This check was completed as a close out step for the recently completed NOD3F3 Filter R&R, to ensure that IMV flow had returned to a nominal state post R&R.

Contingency Water Container - Iodine (CWC-I) Transfer Station Initiation, Drain, and Swap: Today, Crew completed a drain and swap of the CWC-I system. First, the crew setup the CWC-I Transfer Station to initialize transfer to the Wastewater Bus. Next, Crew swapped the drained CWC-I bag for a full CWC-I bag in preparation for transfer. Finally, Crew terminated fluid transfer, and returned fluid and power connections to their nominal state.

BEAM Ingress and Microbial Sampling: Today, Crew ingressed into the BEAM to complete a hardware retrieval. This ingress required that the ARED platform be partially folded up. During this ingress ARED was no-go for use. While in the BEAM, crew completed the hardware retrieval as well as performed several different microbial sampling surveys. One survey tested the air for microbes, while the other tested surfaces in the BEAM using a Surface Sample Kit (SSK). After completing the above tasks, Crew egressed the BEAM and unfolded the ARED, so that is was GO for use.

In Flight Maintenance (IFM) Node 3 Deck Starboard Intermodule Ventilation (IMV) Cleaning: Today, Crew completed cleaning of the Node 3 Deck Starboard IMV fan. The goal was to remove FOD from IMV Fan inlet flow straighteners, inlet silencer, and outlet silencer as well as clean the Deck IMV Starboard Fan inlet flow straighteners and Inlet Silencer.

Lab Fwd ATU and Headset Troubleshooting: On Thursday, January 30th, Crew reported that they had been having issues adjusting volume on the Lab Forward ATU and Headset. Two different crew members reported having this issue. Today, Crew coordinated with the ground team to troubleshoot the system to determine the underlying cause of the issue. At the time of the test, no volume issues were observed.

Dragon Cargo Transfer Operations: Today, Crew continued transfer of cargo from the recently docked SpX-24. These dragon cargo operations will continue for several weeks leading up to the currently planned departure date of SpX-24 on Friday, January 21st.

Completed Task List Activities:

None
Today's Ground Activities:
All activities are complete unless otherwise noted.

Initiating CWC-I Transfer to Waste Water Bus for Drains 1-4
JEM Airlock and ACDU-RC Activation
Temperature and Humidity Control (THC) Intermodule Ventilation (IMV) Flow Measurement Survey Support
Look Ahead Plan

Saturday, January 1 (GMT 366)
Payloads:

MVP desiccant swap (NASA)
Polar 2 Desiccant swap (NASA)
Systems:

Crew Off-Duty Day
Sunday, January 2 (GMT 367)
Payloads:

MVP desiccant swap (NASA)
Systems:

Weekly House Cleaning
Crew Off-Duty Day
Monday, January 3 (GMT 368)
Payloads:

BioMole part 1 ops (NASA)
Cytoskeleton cannister swap (ESA)
EMS Powerbox charge (ESA)
Phospho-aging inserts (ESA)
Plant Hab-05 Experiment plate photo (NASA)
Repository Urine collect (NASAO
SERFE Water sample (NASA)
SoundSee Data collect (NASA)
Turbine Super Alloy Install and activation (NASA)
Systems:

Dragon EMER OBTs
Russian Extravehicular Activity (EVA) Tool Transfer
Long-duration Crew Compensation
Today's Planned Activities:
All activities are complete unless otherwise noted.

Bigelow Expandable Activity Module (BEAM) Cleanup and Egress
Bigelow Expandable Activity Module (BEAM) Hardware Stow
Bigelow Expandable Activity Module (BEAM) Ingress
Bigelow Expandable Activity Module (BEAM) Node 3 Aft Stow
Bigelow Expandable Activity Module (BEAM) Node 3 Aft Unstow
CDA-3 Adlink Troubleshooting
ARED Platform Partial Fold
ARED Platform Unfold Back to Nominal Position
Countermeasures System (CMS) Treadmill 2 (T2) Additional Monthly Inspection
Med Reservoir retrieval from Biolab Glovebox
EC installation in Biolab Incubator
Cytoskeleton EC deinstallation
Retrieve Med Reservoir from BIOLAB and return to cold stowage
Countermeasures System (CMS) Treadmill 2 (T2) Exercise Session with EasyMotion Electro-Myo-Stimulation (EMS)
Environmental Health System (EHS) - Coliform Water Sample Analysis 44 +/- 4 hours post processing
BEAM MAS/SSK Sample Stow
Environmental Health System (EHS) - Microbial Air Sampler (MAS) Kit Sample Collection
Environmental Health System (EHS) - Surface Sampler Kit (SSK) and Microbial Air Sampler (MAS) Gather
Environmental Health System (EHS) - Surface Sample Kit (SSK) Collection/Incubation
Preparation and Record of Dzhanibekov demonstrations
EPO Granular Damping
Lab Fwd ATU and Headset Troubleshooting
In-Flight Maintenance Node 3 Intermodule Ventilation Prep
JEM Airlock Slide Table (ST) Extension to JPM Side
JEM Airlock Slide Table (ST) Retraction from JPM Side
LSG Primary Crew Restraint Fold
LSG Work Volume Stow
Materials ISS Experiment - Flight Facility (MISSE-FF) JEM Video Setup
Materials ISS Experiment (MISSE) MSC Pack
MISSE-FF MSC Pack
Materials ISS Experiment (MISSE) MTT Removal and Stowage
Stow MISSE Transfer Tray
MISSE-FF MSC Retrieval and Pack Procedure Review
Node 3 to Cupola Velocicalc Measurement
In Flight Maintenance (IFM) Node 3 Deck Starboard Intermodule Ventilation (IMV) Cleaning
Nanoracks Module-48 Imagery
Public Affairs Office (PAO) Downlink Message
Public Affairs Office (PAO) Social Media Event
Polar to Polar Sample Transfer
Reminder Portable O2 Monitor (POM) Reading
Crew prep for PAO
Structures and Mechanisms (S&M) JEM ORU Xfer I/F (JOTI) Gather
JEM ORU Xfer I/F Removal
T2 Monthly Maintenance performed with Sidekick
Treadmill 2 Augmented Reality On-Orbit Training
Crewmember fills out questionnaire following T2 Maintenance with Augmented Reality.
Stow Sidekick After Use
Temperature and Humidity Control (THC) Intermodule Ventilation (IMV) Flow Measurement Survey
CWC-I Transfer Station Setup and Initiation, Bag Swap, and Teardown
Transfer Crew Dragon Cargo Operations

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